*******  Today in Black History –  April 23, 2014  *******   

                                                                                                                                                 Follow @BroMosi


1856 - Granville Tailer Woods is born in Columbus, Ohio. He will

        become an inventor of steam boilers, furnaces, incubators

        and auto air brakes and holder of over 50 patents. He will

        become the first American of African ancestry to be a

        mechanical and electrical engineer after the Civil War.

        Self-taught, he will concentrate most of his work on trains

        and streetcars. One of his notable inventions will be the

        Multiplex Telegraph, a device that sends messages between

        train stations and moving trains. His work will assure a

        safer and better public transportation system for the

        cities of the United States. He will join the ancestors on

        January 30, 1910.


1872 - Charlotte E. Ray becomes the first African American woman

        lawyer in ceremonies held in Washington, DC admitting her

        to practice before the bar. She had received her law degree

        from Howard University on February 27.


1894 - Jimmy Noone is born in New Orleans, Louisiana.  He will

        become a jazz clarinetist and a major influence on the

        swing music of the 1930's and 1940's. He will be a band

        leader and be best known as the leader of "Jimmy Noone's

        Apex Club Orchestra."  Two of the people most influenced by

        Jimmy Noone's style will be Benny Goodman and Jimmy Dorsey. 

        He will join the ancestors after suffering a fatal heart

        attack, while performing with "Kid" Ory on April 19, 1944.


1895 - Jorge Mateus Vicente Lima is born in Alagoas, Brazil.  He

        will become a poet, novelist, essayist, painter, doctor,

        and politician.  He will become best known as a writer,

        manipulating Brazilian subjects, at the same time analyzing

        Afro-Brazilian culture and heritage. He will become a

        fixture in the Brazilian experience during the 1920's. Even

        though he became a physician, he will exhibit his talents

        as a writer in writings from his youth. His most famous

        writing will be a poem,        "Essa Nega Fulo" (That Black Girl

        Fulo), written in 1928.  The poem will explore the dynamics

        between a slave master, the slave and her mistress. He

        will join the ancestors in 1953 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


1898 - Alfredo da Rocha Viana Jr. is born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

        He will become a composer and bandleader best known as

        "Pixinguinha." By the time he was a teenager, he will be

        respected for his talent as a flutist. After traveling with

        his first band to France in 1922, he will open the door of

        Brazilian music to the world. He will be credited with

        assisting to invent the "samba." He is generally referred

        to as the King of Samba and the Father of Musica Popular

        Brasileira. He will join the ancestors on February 17, 1973

        in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


1913 - The National Urban League is incorporated in New York City.

        The organization is founded in 1910 when the Committee on

        Urban Conditions Among Negroes met in New York to discuss

        means to assist rural African Americans in the transition

        to urban life.  Founders include Mrs. Ruth Standish Baldwin

        and Dr. George Edmund Haynes, who becomes the league's

        first executive director.


1941 - New Yorkers are treated to a performance of Cafi Society at

        Carnegie Hall by a group of jazz artists that includes

        Albert "Jug" Ammons, Hazel Scott, and Art Tatum.  It also

        marks the first performance of Helena (later Lena) Horne,

        who sings "Summertime," among other songs.


1944 - The NAACP Youth Council and Committee for Unity in Motion

        Pictures selects its first Motion Picture Award recipients.

        Given to honor actors whose roles advance the image of

        African Americans in motion pictures, awards go to Rex

        Ingram for "Sahara," Lena Horne for "As Thousands Cheer,"

        Leigh Whipper for "The Oxbow Incident" and "Mission to

        Moscow," Hazel Scott for her debut in "Something to Shout

        About" and Dooley Wilson for his role as Sam in

        "Casablanca," among others. The awards will be the fore-

        runner to the NAACP's Image Awards.


1948 - Charles Richard Johnson in born in Evanston, Illinois.  He

        will become an novelist, essayist and screenwriter.  He

        will begin his career after graduating from the State

        University of New York at Stonybrook with a Ph.D. in

        philosophy.  He will be mentored by W.E.B. Du Bois, Ralph

        Ellison, Jean Toomer, Richard Wright and John Gardner. He

        will be known for his works, "Middle Passage," "Oxherding

        Tale," "The Sorcerer's Apprentice," and "Being and Race:

        Black Writing Since 1970." He will win the 1990 National

        Book Award for "Middle Passage."


1954 - Hammerin' Hank Aaron, of the Milwaukee Braves, hits the

        first of what will be 755 career home runs, in a game

        against the St. Louis Cardinals. The score will be 7-5 in

        favor of the Braves.


1955 - U.S. Supreme Court refuses to review a lower court decision

        which would ban segregation in intrastate bus travel.


1964 - James Baldwin's play, "Blues for Mr. Charlie" opens on

        Broadway.  Starring Al Freeman, Jr., Diana Sands, and

        others, the play reveals the plight of African Americans in

        the South.


1971 - Columbia University operations are virtually ended for the

        year by African American and white students who seize five

        buildings on campus.


1971 - William Tubman, president of Liberia, joins the ancestors at

        the age of 76.  He had been president of Liberia since



1998 - James Earl Ray, who confessed to assassinating the Rev.

        Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968 and then insisted he was

        framed, dies at a Nashville hospital at age 70.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"InfoBeat," "I, Too, Sing America - The African American

Book of Days," "Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and 

independent research by Rene’ A. Perry.




Black History - Permanent Site at the Christian Science Monitor

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Social Studies School Service

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Number of Visitors since 11/1/97

[Subscribe Munirah Chronicle]


© 1997-2014 Information Man, Inc.

Last Updated Wednesday, April 23, 2014