MUNIRAH CHRONICLE

                                                                                                                                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                                       

*******  Today in Black History –  September 3, 2015  *******   

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1783 - Richard Allen, founder of the African Meethodist Episcopal

        Church, purchases his freedom with his earnings as a

        self-employed teamster.

 

1838 - Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, diisguised as a

        sailor, escapes from slavery in Baltimore, Maryland to

        New Bedford, Massachusetts via New York City.  He will

        take the name Douglass, after the hero of Sir Walter

        Scott's poem "Lady of the Lake".

 

1865 - The Union Army commander in South Caroliina orders the

        Freedmen's Bureau personnel to stop seizing land.

 

1868 - Henry McNeal Turner delivers a speech beefore the Georgia

        legislature defending African Americans' rights to hold

        state office.  The lower house of the Georgia

        legislature, rules that African Americans were ineligible

        to hold office, and expels twenty-eight representatives.

        Ten days later the senate expels three African Americans.

        Congress will refuse to re-admit the state to the Union

        until the legislature seats the African American

        representatives.

 

1891 - John Stephens Durham, assistant editor oof the Philadelphia

        Evening Bulletin, is named minister to Haiti.  

 

1891 - Cotton pickers organize a union and stagge a strike for

        higher wages in Texas.

 

1895 - Charles Hamilton Houston is born in Washhington, DC.  He will

        become a prominent African American lawyer, Dean of Howard

        University Law School, and NAACP Litigation Director who

        will play a significant role in dismantling the Jim Crow

        laws, which will earned him the title "The Man Who Killed

        Jim Crow". He will also be well known for having trained

        future Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall. Through his

        work at the NAACP, He will play a role in nearly every civil

        rights case before the Supreme Court between 1930 and Brown

        v. Board of Education (1954). His plan to attack and defeat

        Jim Crow segregation by demonstrating the inequality in the

        "separate but equal" doctrine from the Supreme Court's Plessy

        v. Ferguson decision as it pertained to public education in

        the United States will be the masterstroke that brings about

        the landmark Brown decision. In the documentary "The Road to

        Brown", Hon. Juanita Kidd Stout describes his strategy, "When

        he attacked the "separate but equal" theory his real thought

        behind it was that "All right, if you want it separate but

        equal, I will make it so expensive for it to be separate that

        you will have to abandon your separateness." And so that was

        the reason he started demanding equalization of salaries for

        teachers, equal facilities in the schools and all of that."

        He will take a movie camera across South Carolina to document

        the inequalities between African American and white education.

        Then, as Special Counsel to the NAACP he will dispatch

        Thurgood Marshall, Oliver Hill and other young attorneys to

        work to equalize teachers' salaries. From 1935 to 1940, he

        will serve as special counsel for the National Association for

        the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), arguing several

        important civil rights cases before the U.S. Supreme Court.

        Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada (1939), he will argue that

        it was unconstitutional for Missouri to exclude blacks from

        the state’s university law school when, under the “separate

        but equal” provision, no comparable facility for blacks

        existed within the state. His efforts to dismantle the legal

        theory of “separate but equal” came to fruition after he joins

        the ancestors on April 22, 1950 with the historic Brown v.

        Board of Education (1954) decision, which prohibited

        segregation in public schools.

 

1910 - Dorothy Leigh Mainor< (later Maynor) is born in Norfolk,

        Virginia.  She will become a renown soprano and will sing

        with all of the major American and European orchestras. 

        She will found the Harlem School of the Arts in 1963, after

        ending her performing career. She will retire as executive

        director of the school in 1979. She will join the ancestors

        on February 19, 1996 in West Chester, Pennsylvania.

 

1918 - Five African American soldiers are hangeed for alleged

        participation in the Houston riot of 1917.

 

1919 - The Lincoln Motion Picture Company, owneed by African

        Americans Noble Johnson and Clarence Brooks, releases its

        first feature-length film, "A Man's Duty".

 

1970 - Representatives from 27 African nations,, Caribbean nations,

        four South American countries, Australia, and the United

        States meet in Atlanta, Georgia, for the first Congress of

        African People.

 

1970 - Billy Williams ends the longest Nationall League consecutive

        streak at 1,117 games. 

 

1974 - NBA guard, Oscar Robinson, retires from professional

        basketball.

 

1984 - A new South African constitution comes iinto effect, setting

        up a three-chamber, racially divided parliament -  White,

        Indian and Colored (mixed race) people.

 

1990 - Jonathan A. Rodgers becomes president off CBS's Television

        Stations Division, the highest-ranking African American to

        date in network television.  Rodgers had been general

        manager of WBBM-TV, CBS's Chicago station.

 

2012 - Michael Clarke Duncan, nominated for an Academy Award for his

        role in the 1999 film "The Green Mile," joins the ancestors

        at the age of 54. He suffered a myocardial infarction on

        July 13 and never fully recovered.

 

 

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The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"InfoBeat," "I, Too, Sing America - The African American

Book of Days," "Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and 

independent research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, Sr.

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EVERY MONTH SHOULD BE BLACK HISTORY MONTH! CHECK OUT THESE OTHER BLACK HISTORY SITES ON THE WEB

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC

 

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