*******   Today in Black History –  August 9, 2020  *******   

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1848 - The Free Soil party is organized at a Buffalo, New York

        convention attended by African American abolitionists.


1898 - Robert Nelson Cornelius Nix, Sr. is born in Orangeburg,

        South Carolina. An 11-term congressman, he will be the

        first African American congressional representative

        from Pennsylvania, when he is elected in 1958. He will

        join only three other African Americans in Congress,

        William Dawson of Illinois, and Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.

        of New York and Charles Diggs, Jr. of Michigan. He will

        join the ancestors on June 22, 1987.


1909 - George William Crockett, Jr., is born in Jacksonville,

        Florida. He will become the first African American lawyer

        with the U.S. Department of Labor. Crockett will begin

        his judicial career in Michigan in 1966, when he is

        elected to the Recorder's Court, a post he will hold until

        1978. He will also serve as a visiting judge in the

        Michigan Court of Appeals and acting corporation counsel

        for the city of Detroit. He will become a congressman in

        1980 at the age of 71 and will be re-elected to serve each

        succeeding term until his retirement in 1991. He will join

        the ancestors on September 7, 1997.


1931 - Eugene "Big Daddy" Lipscomb is born in Uniontown, Alabama. 

        He will be best known as a professional football star

        with the old Baltimore Colts. He will enter the NFL

        without ever playing college football. He will be

        considered one of the greatest defensive tackles in NFL

        history. He will join the ancestors on May 10, 1963.


1936 - Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal of the 1936 Berlin

        Olympic Games in the 4x100-meter relay. His relay team set

        a new world record of 39.8 seconds, which held for 20 years.

        In their strong showing in track-and-field events at the

        XIth Olympiad, Jesse Owens and other African American

        athletes struck a propaganda blow against Nazi leader Adolf

        Hitler, who planned to use the Berlin Games as a showcase

        of supposed Aryan superiority.


1943 - Kenneth Howard Norton is born in Jacksonville, Illinois. He

        will become a professional boxer. In 1973, he will fight

        Muhammad Ali. He will break Ali's jaw and go on to win by

        a split decision. His victory over Ali will make him the

        NABF Heavyweight Champion and it will be the second defeat

        for "The Greatest" in his career. He will also win the WBC

        heavyweight championship in 1978.


1955 - Douglas Lee Williams is born in Zachary, Louisiana. He will

        become a NFL Quarterback for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and

        Washington Redskins. While playing for the Redskins, he

        will lead the team to a victory in Superbowl XXII and will

        be named Most Valuable Player.


1960 - A racially motivated disturbance breaks out in Jacksonville,

        Florida after ten days of sit-in demonstrations, resulting

        in fifty persons injured.


1961 - James B. Parsons becomes the first African American

        appointed to the U.S. District Court.


1963 - Whitney Elizabeth Houston is born in Newark, New Jersey.  She

        will achieve fame as a single artist with her 1985 debut

        album, which will sell over nine million copies, have three

        number-one singles and earn a Grammy for the song "Saving All

        My Love For You." In 2009, the Guinness World Records will

        cite her as the most awarded female act of all time. She will

        become one of the world's best-selling music artists, selling

        over 200 million records worldwide. She will release six

        studio albums, one holiday album and three movie soundtrack

        albums, all of which will achieve diamond, multi-platinum,

        platinum or gold certification. Her crossover appeal on the

        popular music charts, as well as her prominence on MTV,

        starting with her video for "How Will I Know", will influence

        several African American female artists to follow in her

        footsteps. She will be the only artist to chart seven

        consecutive No. 1 Billboard Hot 100 hits. She will be the

        second artist behind Elton John and the only female artist to

        have two number-one Billboard 200 Album awards on the

        Billboard magazine year-end charts. Her 1985 debut album

        "Whitney Houston" will become the best-selling debut album by

        a female act at the time of its release. The album will be

        named Rolling Stone's best album of 1986, and be ranked at

        number 254 on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Albums

        of All Time. Her second studio album "Whitney" (1987) will

        become the first album by a female artist to debut at number

        one on the Billboard 200 albums chart. Her first acting role

        will be as the star of the feature film "The Bodyguard" (1992).

        The film's original soundtrack will win the 1994 Grammy Award

        for Album of the Year. Its lead single "I Will Always Love

        You", will become the best-selling single by a female artist

        in music history. With that album, she will become the first

        act (solo or group, male or female) to sell more than a million

        copies of an album within a single week period under the

        Nielsen SoundScan system. The album will make her the top

        female act in the top 10 list of the best-selling albums of all

        time, at number four. She will continue to star in movies and

        contribute to their soundtracks, including the films "Waiting

        to Exhale" (1995) and "The Preacher's Wife" (1996). "The

        Preacher's Wife" soundtrack will become the best-selling gospel

        album in history. In September 2011, The Hollywood Reporter

        will announce that she will produce and star alongside Jordin

        Sparks and Mike Epps in the remake of the 1976 film "Sparkle."

        In the film, she will portray Sparks' "not-so encouraging

        mother." She will also be credited as an executive producer of

        the film. On February 11, 2012, she will join the ancestors

        after being found transitioned in her guest room at The Beverly

        Hilton, in Beverly Hills, California. The official coroner's

        report will show that she had accidentally drowned in the

        bathtub, with heart disease and cocaine use listed as

        contributing factors. News of her transition will coincide with

        the 2012 Grammy Awards and feature prominently in American and

        international media. The movie "Sparkle," will be released on

        August 17, 2012 in the United States.


1967 - Deion Luwynn Sanders is born in Fort Myers, Florida. He will

        attend Florida State University, where he will excel at both

        football and baseball. After college, he will become a

        National Football League cornerback and Major League baseball

        outfielder. He will become a NFL All-Pro, and as a major

        league center fielder, will lead both leagues in triples in

        1992. He will be considered one of the most versatile

        athletes in sporting history because he will play two sports

        at multiple positions. In the NFL, he will play primarily at

        cornerback, but also occasionally as a wide receiver, kick

        returner, and punt returner. He will play for the Atlanta

        Falcons, the San Francisco 49ers, the Dallas Cowboys, the

        Washington Redskins, and the Baltimore Ravens, winning the

        Super Bowl with both the 49ers and the Cowboys. In baseball,

        he will play for the New York Yankees, the Atlanta Braves, the

        Cincinnati Reds, and the San Francisco Giants. After his

        playing days were over, he will become a NFL network analyst.

        He will be inducted to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton,

        Ohio on August 6, 2011.


1971 - Le Roy (Satchel) Paige is inducted into the Baseball Hall of



1984 - British decathlete Daley Thompson becomes the second man in

        history to win the decathlon back-to-back in the Olympic

        Games, while setting the record of 8,847 points.


1987 - Beatrice Foods, International is sold to TLC Group, a New York

        investment firm led by Reginald Lewis, an African American

        businessman and entrepreneur. It is the largest business

        acquisition ever by an African American.


1987 - "Mean" Joe Greene and Gene Upshaw are inducted into the

        Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio.


2003 - Gregory Hines, tap dancing virtuoso, joins the ancestors at

        the age of 57 after succumbing to liver cancer. He

        appeared on television, Broadway and in films.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and independent

research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, I.




Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC



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