*******  Today in Black History –  July 22, 2014  *******   

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1848 - Lester Walton is appointed minister too Liberia.


1861 - Abraham Lincoln reads the first draft of the Emancipation

        Proclamation to his cabinet.


1933 - Caterina Jarboro becomes the first Afrrican American prima

        donna of an United States opera company.  She will

        perform "Aida" with the Chicago Opera Company at the

        Hippodrome in New York City.  The New York Times music

        editor will report: "The young soprano brought a vivid

        dramatic sense that kept her impersonation vital without

        overacting, and an Italian diction remarkably pure and

        distinct." Her fame, however, will be short­lived. Once

        the American opera establishment realizes that she is not

        Italian but African American, her career will come to an

        end. The newly founded New York Metropolitan Opera

        Association will refuse to accept her as a member.

        Nonetheless, her contribution to opera will be powerful

        and far­reaching. 


1937 - Chuck Jackson is born in Latta, South Carolina.  He will

        be raised in Pittsburgh and will become a Rhythm & Blues

        singer.  He will be discovered when he opens for soul

        legend Jackie Wilson at the Apollo Theater. He will sign a

        recording contract with Scepter. His first single,"I Don't

        Want to Cry", which he co-wrote, will be his first hit

        (1961). The song will chart on both Rhythm & Blues and pop

        charts. In 1962, His recording of "Any Day Now", the Burt

        Bacharach-Bob Hilliard classic, will become a huge hit. In

        1967, he will move from Scepter to Motown Records, where

        he will record a number of successful singles, including

        "Are You Lonely for Me" and "Honey Come Back."


1939 - Jane Matilda Bolin is appointed to thee New York City Court

        of Domestic Relations by Mayor Fiorello Laguardia, becoming

        the first African American woman judge.


1939 - Quincy Thomas Troupe, Jr. is born in NNew York City. He will

        become a poet, editor, journalist, and college professor.

        He will grow up in East St. Louis, Illinois. He will attend

        Grambling State University on a baseball scholarship and

        will subsequently join the United States Army. In his free

        time as a soldier, he will develop the passion for writing

        that would define his career. Upon his return to civilian

        life, he will move to Los Angeles, where he will encounter

        the Watts Writers Workshop and begin working in a more

        African American, jazz-based style. It will be on a tour

        with the Watts group that he first begin his academic life.

        In 1969, he will visit Ohio University with the poetry tour

        and will soon be offered a position as writer-in-residence.

        In 1971, he will move to Richmond College on Staten Island

        in New York City, where he will be a lecturer. In 1976,

        Richmond College will undergo a merger and become the

        College of Staten Island of the City University of New York.

        It will be during this transition, he will later reveal,

        that he adjusts his curriculum vitae to include a

        (fictitious) bachelor's degree he claims to have earned in

        1963 from Grambling. He will make the addition in order to

        possibly attain tenure, which he likely could not have done

        without an academic degree. This fiction will go

        unchallenged for nearly three decades. The next few years

        will see him become a celebrity in the academic world,

        winning an American Book Award for 1989's "Miles, the

        Autobiography" (written with Miles Davis) and earning

        numerous other accolades. In 1990, he will move to the

        University of California, San Diego (UCSD) as a professor

        of literature, where he will continue to gain acclaim. In

        early 2002, he will be named California's first Poet

        Laureate, taking office on June 11, 2002. A background

        check related to the new position will reveal that he had,

        in fact, never possessed a degree from Grambling.

        Confronted with the information, he will resign the post.

        After UCSD considers suspending him without pay, he retires

        from his academic position as well. His other notable works

        include "James Baldwin: The Legacy" (1989) and "Miles and

        Me: A Memoir of Miles Davis" (2000). He will also edit

        "Giant Talk: An Anthology of Third World Writing" (1975)

        and is a founding editor of "Confrontation: A Journal of

        Third World Literature and American Rag." He will teach

        creative writing for the Watts Writers’ Movement from 1966

        to 1968 and serve as director of the Malcolm X Center in

        Los Angeles during the summers of 1969 and 1970. Among his

        honors and awards will be fellowships from the National

        Foundation for the Arts, the New York Foundation for the

        Arts, and a grant from the New York State Council on the



1941 - George Clinton is born in Kannapolis, North Carolina.  He

        will grow up in Plainfield, New Jersey. In Plainfield, he

        will run a barber salon, where he straightens hair, and

        will soon formed a doo wop group, inspired by Frankie Lymon

        & the Teenagers, called The Parliaments. The Parliaments

        will eventually find success under the names Parliament and

        Funkadelic in the seventies. Parliament Funkadelic will

        record "Testify", "Mothership Connection", "First Thangs",

        "Up For The Down Stroke", "Chocolate City", "The Clones of

        Dr. Funkenstein," "Atomic Dog," and many others. The

        popularity of Clinton and his group will last over thirty

        years. He will be widely considered one of the forefathers

        of funk.  Usually recording under the name George Clinton &

        the P.Funk All-Stars, he will record several solo albums. In

        1982, he will sign to Capitol Records as a solo artist and

        as the P.Funk All-Stars, releasing Computer Games that same

        year. "Loopzilla" hit the Top 20 R&B charts, followed by

        "Atomic Dog," which reached #1 R&B, but peaked at #101 on

        the pop chart. In the next four years, he will release

        three more studio albums (You Shouldn't-Nuf Bit Fish, Some

        of My Best Jokes Are Friends and R&B Skeletons in the

        Closet) as well as a live album, Mothership Connection

        (Live from the Summit, Houston, Texas) and charting three

        singles in the R&B Top 30, "Nubian Nut," "Last Dance," and

        "Do Fries Go with that Shake." His popularity will wane in

        the mid 1980s, but revive by the rise of rap music

        (particularly, in the 1990s, G Funk), as many rappers cited

        him as an influence and began sampling his songs. Alongside

        James Brown, George Clinton will be considered to be  one

        of the most sampled musicians ever. In 1989, he will release

        The Cinderella Theory on Paisley Park, Prince's record

        label. This will be followed by Hey Man, Smell My Finger.

        He will then sign with Sony 550 and release T.A.P.O.A.F.O.M.

        (The Awesome Power Of A Fully Operational Mothership) in

        1996, having reunited with several old members of Parliament

        and Funkadelic. He will be known for his flamboyant style.

        In the 1990s, he will appear in films such as Graffiti

        Bridge (1990), Good Burger (1997) and PCU (1994). He will

        also appear as the voice of The Funktipus, the DJ of the

        Bounce FM station in the 2004 video game, Grand Theft Auto:

        San Andreas. Rapper Dr. Dre will sample most of his beats to

        create his G-Funk music era.


1947 - Daniel Lebern "Danny" Gloverr is born in San Francisco,

        California. He will become an actor and will star in the

        "Lethal Weapon" movies, "Operation Dumbo Drop", "Silverado",

        "Escape from Alcatraz", "Chiefs", "The Color Purple",

        "Angels in the Outfield", and "Places in the Heart". He will

        serve as board chair of the TransAfrica Forum, "a non-profit

        organization dedicated to educating the general public —

        particularly African Americans — on the economic, political

        and moral ramifications of U.S. foreign policy as it affects

        Africa and the Diaspora in the Caribbean and Latin America."

        In March 1998, he will be appointed ambassador to the United

        Nations Development Program. He will also serve on the

        Advisory Council for TeleSUR, "Television of the South", a

        pan-Latin American television network based in Caracas,

        Venezuela. It will begin broadcasting on July 24, 2005.

        He is probably best known for his role as Los Angeles police

        Sgt. Roger Murtaugh in the Lethal Weapon movie series, and

        his role as the abusive husband to Whoopi Goldberg's

        character Celie in The Color Purple. Among many awards, he

        will win five NAACP Image Awards, for his achievements as a

        Black actor. He will join the ranks of actors, such as

        Humphrey Bogart, Elliott Gould, and Robert Mitchum, who will

        portray Raymond Chandler's private eye detective Philip

        Marlowe in the episode 'Red Wind' of the Showtime network's

        1995 series Fallen Angels. He will make his directorial

        debut with the Showtime channel short film Override in 1994.


1961 - Milton A. Francis, the first African AAmerican specialist in

        genitourinary diseases, joins the ancestors.


1963 - World Heavyweight Champion, Sonny Listton, hangs on to his

        boxing title, by knocking out challenger, Floyd Patterson,

        in the first round of a bout in Las Vegas, Nevada.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"InfoBeat," "I, Too, Sing America - The African American>

Book of Days," "Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and 

independent research by Rene’ A. Perry.




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