*******  Today in Black History –  June 27, 2017  *******   

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1833 - The operator of an academy for African American females

        in Canterbury, Connecticut, Prudence Crandall - a white

        woman, is arrested for providing this service.


1872 - Paul Laurence Dunbar, short story writer, is born in

        Dayton, Ohio. He will be so talented and versatile that he

        will succeed in two worlds. He will be so adept at

        writing verse in Black English that he will become known

        as the "poet of his people," while also cultivating a white

        audience that appreciated the brilliance and value of his

        work. "Majors and Minors" (1895), Dunbar's second

        collection of verse, will be a remarkable work containing

        some of his best poems in both Black and standard English.

        When the country's reigning literary critic, William Dean

        Howells reviews "Majors and Minors" favorably, Dunbar

        becomes famous. And Howells' introduction in "Lyric of

        Lowly Life" (1896) will help make Dunbar the most popular

        African American writer in America at the time. Dunbar will

        join the ancestors after succumbing to tuberculosis on

        February 9, 1906. The U.S. Postal Service will issue a

        commemorative stamp in his honor on May 1, 1975.


1890 - George Dixon, a Canadian, becomes the first person of

        African descent to win a world boxing championship. He

        defeats Nunc Wallace to win the bantamweight title. He will

        also become the first person of African descent to win an

        American title in any sport, when he knocks out Cal McCarthy

        in 1891. 


1914 - The United States signs a treaty of commerce with Ethiopia.


1919 - Archibald H. Grimke', noted lawyer and civil rights advocate

        who had served as U.S. Consul in Santo Domingo, Dominican

        Republic and president of the American Negro Academy among

        his accomplishments, receives the NAACP's Spingarn Medal.

        An original member of the "Committee of Forty" that helped

        establish the NAACP, Grimke' is honored for his "years of

        distinguished service to his race and country."


1941 - Richard Wright is awarded the Spingarn Medal. He is cited

        for the power of his books "Uncle Tom's Children" and

        "Native Son" in depicting "the effects of proscription,

        segregation and denial of opportunities on the American



1960 - British Somaliland becomes part of Somalia.


1967 - A racially motivated disturbance occurs in Buffalo, New York.

        200 persons are arrested.  The disturbance will last four



1970 - The Jackson Five: Marlon, Tito, Jackie, Jermaine and Michael,

        jump to number one on the music charts with "The Love You

        Save". The song will stay at the top of the charts for a

        two week run. It will be the third of four number-one hits

        in a row for the group. The other three are: "I Want You

        Back", "ABC" and "I'll Be There".   In 15 years, from 1969

        to 1984, The Jackson Five/Jacksons will have 23 hits, score

        two platinum singles ("Enjoy Yourself" and "Shake Your Body

        [Down To The Ground]") and one gold record ("State of



1972 - Patricia Roberts Harris, the first African American U.S.

        Ambassador, is named permanent chairman of the Democratic

        National Convention. The Mattoon, Illinois native will

        later break new ground as Secretary of Health and Human

        Services and Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.


1977 - Djibouti gains independence from France. Djibouti is located

        in East Africa, bordered by Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, and

        the Gulf of Aden.


1978 - Henry Rono of Kenya sets a world record for 3,000 meters,

        running in 7 minutes 32 and 1/10 seconds.


1979 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules, in Weber v. Kaiser Aluminum

        and Chemical Corporation, that employers and unions can

        establish voluntary programs, including the use of quotas,

        to aid minorities in employment.


1988 - Mike Tyson knocks out Michael Spinks in 91 seconds of the

        first round, in Atlantic City, New Jersey.


1989 - The Baltimore Orioles beat the Toronto Blue Jays 16-6. Each

        team is coached by an African American, Frank Robinson of

        the Orioles and Cito Gaston of the Blue Jays. Robinson,

        who will direct his team to an 87-75 season, will be named

        manager of the year by both the Associated Press and the

        United Press International.


1991 - Justice Thurgood Marshall, 82, the first African American on

        the U.S. Supreme Court, announces his retirement after 24

        years service, citing "advancing age and medical condition."

        As chief counsel for the NAACP, Marshall had played a major

        role in the legal fight that led to the Brown v. Board of

        Education decision, overturning legal segregation. In his

        final dissent on the court on June 27, Marshall says that

        the court's conservative majority was recklessly overturning

        decisions protecting the right of African Americans and



1994 - U.S. Coast Guard cutters intercept 1,330 Haitian boat people

        on the high seas in one of the busiest days since refugees

        began leaving Haiti following a 1991 military coup.


2014 - Bobby Womack, the legendary soul singer whose career spanned

        seven decades, joins the ancestors at age 70. He was in the

        first rank of songwriters, penning classics such as "It's All

        Over Now," which became the Rolling Stones' first Number One

        single in the UK. He was a top-notch guitarist, backing up

        everyone from Ray Charles to Aretha Franklin. And when he sang

        on his own records, he could compel you to get on your feet

        ("Looking for a Love"), reinvent standards as Rhythm & Blues

        anthems ("Fly Me to the Moon") or express yearning like nobody

        else ("Across 110th Street"). In 2009, he was inducted into the

        Rock and Roll Hall of Fame by his old friend and collaborator

        Ron Wood, who described him as "a great inspiration to my band

        and all of the musicians that I know." In his acceptance speech,

        he remembered playing guitar for Sam Cooke, cited Cooke's civil

        rights anthem "A Change Is Gonna Come," and astonished by how

        society had changed, addressed his dead friend: "Sam, we have

        our first black president."





The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and independent

research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, Sr.




Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC


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Last Updated Tuesday, June 27, 2017