*******   Today in Black History –  October 23, 2017  *******   

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1775 - The Continental Congress approves resoolution prohibiting

        the enlistment of African Americans in the Army.


1783 - Virginia emancipates slaves who foughtt for independence

        during the Revolutionary War.


1790 - A major slave revolt occurs in Haiti, which is later



1847 - William Leidesdorff brings his ship Siitka from Sitka,

        Alaska, to San Francisco, California. Earlier in the

        year, the Danish West Indies Native had launched the

        first steamboat ever to sail in San Francisco Bay. The

        ventures were one of many activities for Leidesdorff,

        which included appointment as United States vice-counsel

        for property acquisition in San Francisco.


1886 - Wiley Jones operates the first streetccar system in Pine

        Bluff, Arkansas.


1911 - Three organizations, The Committee forr Improving the

        Industrial Conditions of Negroes in New York, The

        Committee on Urban Conditions and The National League

        for the Protection of Colored Women merge, under the

        leadership of Dr. George E. Hayne and Eugene Kinckle

        Jones, to form the National Urban League. Eugene

        Kinckle Jones is named executive secretary.


1940 - Edson Arantes do Nascimento is born in a small village

        in Brasil called Três Corações in the Brasilian state

        of Minas Gerais. He will become a soccer player and at

        the age of sixteen will        join the Brasilian National

        team. He will be known world-wide as Pelé, seen as the

        greatest player in history of soccer. After retiring

        from his team, the Santos, he will be recruited to play

        for the New York Cosmos in 1971, playing an additional

        three years. He will score 1,281 goals (1363 games) in

        his career. He will win three FIFA World Cups: 1958,

        1962 and 1970, the only player ever to do so; and is the

        all-time leading goalscorer for Brasil with 77 goals in

        91 games. He will retire in 1977, becoming a worldwide

        ambassador for football and undertaking various acting

        roles and commercial ventures. In 2010, he will be named

        the Honorary President of the New York Cosmos.


1945 - Branch Rickey of the Brooklyn Dodgers signs Jackie Robinson

        to the club's Triple A farm team, the Montreal Royals. In

        a little under 18 months, Robinson will be called up to

        the majors, the first African American to play major league

        baseball in the twentieth century. 


1947 - The NAACP petition on racism and raciaal injustice, "An Appeal

        to the World," is presented to the United Nations at Lake

        Success, New York.


1951 - The NAACP pickets the Stork Club in suupport of Josephine

        Baker, who had been refused admission to the club a week

        earlier. After a city-convened special committee calls

        Baker's charges unfounded, Thurgood Marshall will call the

        findings a "complete and shameless whitewash of the long-

        established and well-known discriminatory policies of the

        Stork Club."


1966 - "Supremes" Album Tops U.S. CCharts. The record "Supremes A Go

        Go" becomes the top-selling LP album in the U.S. It is the

        first album by an all-female group to reach that position.

        One of the most successful groups of its kind, the Supremes,

        fronted by Diana Ross, will have seven albums reach the top

        10 during the 1960s.


1968 - Kip Keino of Kenya wins an Olympic Golld Medal for the 1,500

        meter run (3 min 34.9 sec).





The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and independent

research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, Sr.




Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC


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Last Updated Monday, October 23, 2017