*******  Today in Black History –  October 23, 2014  *******   

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1775 - The Continental Congress approves resoolution prohibiting

        the enlistment of African Americans in the Army.


1783 - Virginia emancipates slaves who foughtt for independence

        during the Revolutionary War.


1790 - A major slave revolt occurs in Haiti, which is later



1847 - William Leidesdorfff brings his ship Sitka from Sitka,

        Alaska, to San Francisco, California.  Earlier in the

        year, the Danish West Indies Native had launched the

        first steamboat ever to sail in San Francisco Bay. The

        ventures were one of many activities for Leidesdorff,

        which included appointment as United States vice-counsel

        for property acquisition in San Francisco.


1886 - Wiley Jones operates the first streetccar system in Pine

        Bluff, Arkansas.


1911 - Three organizations, The Committee forr Improving the

        Industrial Conditions of Negroes in New York, The

        Committee on Urban Conditions and The National League

        for the Protection of Colored Women merge, under the

        leadership of Dr. George E. Hayne and Eugene Kinckle

        Jones, to form the National Urban League.  Eugene

        Kinckle Jones is named executive secretary.


1940 - Edson Arantes do Nascimento is born in a small village

        in Brasil called Três Corações in the Brasilian state

        of Minas Gerais. He will become a soccer player and at

        the age of sixteen will join the Brasilian National

        team.  He will be known world-wide as Pele', seen as

        the greatest player in history of soccer.  After

        retiring from his team, the Santos, he will be

        recruited to play for the New York Cosmos in 1971,

        playing an additional three years.  He will score

        1,281 goals in his career.


1945 - Branch Rickey of the Brooklyn Dodgers signs Jackie

        Robinson to the club's Triple A farm team, the Montreal

        Royals.  In a little under 18 months, Robinson will be

        called up to the majors, the first African American to

        play major league baseball in the twentieth century. 


1947 - The NAACP petition on racism and raciaal injustice, "An

        Appeal to the World," is presented to the United

        Nations at Lake Success, New York.


1951 - The NAACP pickets the Stork Club in suupport of Josephine

        Baker, who had been refused admission to the club a

        week earlier. After a city-convened special committee

        calls Baker's charges unfounded, Thurgood Marshall will

        call the findings a "complete and shameless whitewash

        of the long-established and well-known discriminatory

        policies of the Stork Club."


1966 - "Supremes" Album Tops U.S. CCharts. The record "Supremes

        A Go Go" becomes the top-selling LP album in the U.S. 

        It is the first album by an all-female group to reach

        that position.  One of the most successful groups of

        its kind, the Supremes, fronted by Diana Ross, will

        have seven albums reach the top 10 during the 1960s.


1968 - Kip Keino off Kenya wins an Olympic Gold Medal for the

        1,500 meter run (3 min 34.9 sec).




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"InfoBeat," "I, Too, Sing America - The African American>

Book of Days," "Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and 

independent research by Rene’ A. Perry.




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Last Updated Thursday, October 23, 2014