*******   Today in Black History –  November 12, 2019  *******   

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1775 - General George Washington issues an order forbidding

        recruiting officers from enlisting African Americans.


1779 - Twenty slaves petition New Hampshire's legislature to

        abolish slavery. They argue that "the god of nature

        gave them life and freedom upon the terms of most

        perfect equality with other men; that freedom is an

        inherent right of the human species, not to be

        surrendered but by consent."


1882 - Lane College is founded in Jackson, Tennessee.


1896 - 1st Sgt. Moses Williams (Ninth Calvary) is awarded the

        Congressional Medal of Honor for bravery in the Battle

        of Cuchillo Negro Mountains, in New Mexico, fought on

        August 16, 1881.


1922 - Sigma Gamma Rho sorority is founded in Indianapolis,

        Indiana, by seven school teachers: Mary Lou Allison

        (Gardner Little), Bessie Mae Downey (Martin), Hattie

        Mae Annette Dulin (Redford), Nannie Mae Gahn (Johnson),

        Dorothy Hanley (Whiteside), Cubena McClure, and Vivian

        White (Marbury). Founder Vivian White Marbury was able

        to witness the progress of the sisterhood she helped

        create until she joins the ancestors on July 30, 2000.


1941 - Opera instructor Mary Cardwell Dawson and coloratura

        Lillian Evanti establish the National Negro Opera

        Company in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to provide more

        opportunities for African Americans to sing and study

        opera. The company's first opera, Verdi's "Aida", will

        be staged the following August at the annual meeting of

        the National Association of Negro Musicians. In its

        21-year history, its performers will include Evanti,

        Minto Cato, and Robert McFerrin.


1944 - Booker Taliaferro Jones Jr. is born in Memphis, Tennessee.

        He will become a multi-instrumentalist, songwriter, record

        producer and arranger, best known as the frontman of the

        band Booker T. & the M.G.'s. He will also work in the

        studios with many well-known artists of the 20th and 21st

        centuries, earning him a Grammy Award for lifetime

        achievement. His entry into professional music will come at

        the age of 16, when he plays baritone saxophone on

        Satellite (soon to be Stax) Records' first hit, "Cause I

        Love You", by Carla and Rufus Thomas. Willie Mitchell will

        hire him for his band, in which he starts on sax and later

        will move to bass. It will be here that he meets Al

        Jackson Jr., who he brings to Stax. Simultaneously, he will

        form a combo with Maurice White and David Porter, in which

        he will play guitar. While hanging around the Satellite

        Record Shop run by Estelle Axton, co-owner of Satellite

        Records with her brother Jim Stewart, he will meet record

        clerk Steve Cropper, who will become one of the MGs when

        the group form in 1962. Besides Jones on organ and Cropper

        on guitar, Booker T. and the MGs will feature Lewie

        Steinberg on bass guitar and Al Jackson, Jr. on drums (Donald

        "Duck" Dunn eventually replacing Steinberg on bass). While

        still in high school, he will co-write the group's classic

        instrumental "Green Onions", which will be a massive hit in

        1962. Over the next few years, he will divide his time between

        studying classical music composition, composing and

        transposition at Indiana University, playing with the MGs on

        the weekends back in Memphis, serving as a session musician

        with other Stax acts, and writing songs that will become

        widely regarded as classics. He will write, with Eddie Floyd,

        "I've Never Found a Girl (To Love Me Like You Do)", Otis

        Redding's "I Love You More Than Words Can Say", and, with

        William Bell, bluesman Albert King's "Born Under a Bad Sign"

        (later popularized by the cover version recorded by the

        British power trio Cream). In 1970, he will move to California

        and stop playing sessions for Stax after becoming frustrated

        with Stax's treatment of the MGs as employees rather than

        musicians. Even though he will be given the title of Vice

        President at Stax before leaving, as he put it, "There were

        titles given (to us) but we didn't actually make the decisions."

        While still under contract to Stax, he will appear on Stephen

        Stills's eponymous album (1970). The 1971 album Melting Pot

        will be the last Booker T. & the M.G.'s album issued on Stax.

        On March 1, 1995, Booker T. & the MGs will win their first

        Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance for the song

        "Cruisin'". He will still play with the MGs and his own small

        combo called the Booker T. Jones Band. His touring group will

        include Vernon "Ice" Black (guitar), Darian Gray (drums), and

        Melvin Brannon (bass). He will be inducted into The Rock and

        Roll Hall of Fame in 1992, and will be honored with a Grammy

        Award for Lifetime Achievement on February 11, 2007. In 2007,

        Jones will be also inducted into the Musicians Hall of Fame and

        Museum in Nashville, Tennessee.


1974 - South Africa is suspended from the U.N. General Assembly

        over its racial policies.


1974 - Tamala R. Jones is born in Pasadena, California. She will become

        an actress. She will be best known for her roles in the movies

        Booty Call, The Wood, Kingdom Come, The Brothers, and Two Can

        Play That Game. She will also be known for television roles as

        Tina, the recurring character on Veronica's Closet, Bobbi

        Seawright on For Your Love and Lanie Parish on the ABC crime

        drama Castle, which will first run from 2009 to 2016. Her first

        acting role will be a guest appearance on the teen sitcom

        California Dreams. She will go on to play a student in the short-

        lived ABC drama Dangerous Minds. She will have co-starring roles

        on the 1998-2002 series For Your Love and the short-lived The

        Tracy Morgan Show. She will have a recurring role as Tonya, an

        old girlfriend of Flex's (seasons one and five) on One on One.

        She will guest-star on other television series, including The

        Parent 'Hood, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Veronica's Closet, My

        Name Is Earl, Studio 60 On The Sunset Strip, and Malcolm & Eddie.

        In 1993, she will appear in the music video for "Give It Up, Turn

        It Loose" by En Vogue. In 2001, she will be in the music video

        for "Girls, Girls, Girls" by rapper Jay Z with fellow actresses

        Paula Jai Parker and Carmen Electra. Also that year, she will be

        featured in the music video for "Gravel Pit" by Wu-Tang Clan. She

        will also appear in Will Smith's video "Im looking for the one".

        She will appear in the music video for the song "Independent" by

        rapper Webbie as a female black President of the United States.


1976 - Tevin Jermod Campbell is born in Waxahachie, Texs. He will become

        a singer, songwriter and actor. He will perform gospel in his

        local church from an early age. Following an audition for jazz

        musician, Bobbi Humphrey, in 1988, he will be signed to Warner

        Bros. Records. In 1989, he will collaborate with Quincy Jones

        performing lead vocals for "Tomorrow" on Jones' album "Back on the

        Block" and will release his Platinum-selling debut album, T.E.V.I.N..

        The album will include his highest-charting single to date, "Tell

        Me What You Want Me to Do", peaking at number 6 on the Billboard

        Hot 100. The debut album will also include the singles "Alone With

        You" (produced by Al B. Sure and Kyle West, with background vocals

        by K-Ci and JoJo from Jodeci), and "Goodbye". His double-Platinum

        selling second album, I'm Ready, released in 1993, will include two

        songs penned by Babyface; "Can We Talk" which will peak at number 9

        on the Hot 100 and number 1 on the Billboard R&B charts, and the

        album's title track "I'm Ready", will also peak at number 9 on the

        Hot 100. In 1996, he will release his third album, Back to the

        World, which will not be as commercially or critically successful

        as his first two releases. His fourth and most recent album, Tevin

        Campbell, will be released in 1999, but will perform poorly on

        Billboard's album charts. Apart from music, he will commence an

        acting career, by appearing in the sequel to Prince's Purple Rain

        named Graffiti Bridge and will make guest appearances on The Fresh

        Prince of Bel-Air and Moesha television programs, voice fictional

        pop star Powerline in Disney's A Goofy Movie and will be cast as

        Seaweed in the Broadway musical Hairspray in 2005. He will earn 5

        Grammy Award nominations, and will have certified sales of 4.5

        million records in the United States, according to the Recording

        Industry Association of America.


1977 - Ernest N. (Dutch) Morial is elected mayor of New Orleans,

        Louisiana. He is the first African American to hold that



1977 - The NAACP's Spingarn Medal is awarded to Alexander P.

        Haley "for his unsurpassed effectiveness in portraying

        the legendary story of an American of African descent."




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and independent

research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, Sr.




Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC



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Last Updated Tuesday, November 12, 2019