*******  Today in Black History –  October 20, 2014  *******   

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1895 - Rex Ingram is born near Cairo, Illinoiis.  He will attend

        medical school and earn a Phi Beta Kappa key but forsake

        medicine for the stage, becoming a powerful actor on the

        stage and screen, most notably as "De Lawd" in the 1936

        film "The Green Pastures."  He will also appear in

        "Cabin in the Sky" and "Anna Lucasta."


1898 - North Carolina Mutual Life and Provideent Association is

        organized by seven African Americans: John Merrick, Dr.

        Aaron M. Moore, P.W. Dawkins, D.T. Watson, W.G. Pearson,

        E.A. Johnson, and James E. Shepard.  Each invests $50 in

        the company, which will grow to become North Carolina

        Mutual Life Insurance Company and have over $211 million

        in assets and over $8 billion of insurance in force by



1924 - The "First Colored World Series&qquot; of baseball is held in

        Kansas City, Missouri.  The series, which pits the Kansas

        City Monarchs against the Hillsdale team from Darby,

        Pennsylvania, is won by the Monarchs, five games to four,

        and was organized by Rube Foster.


1932 - Roosevelt Brown is born in Charlottesvville, Virginia.  He

        will become a football star at Morgan State College in

        Baltimore, Maryland, and will be drafted in the 27th

        round by the New York Giants in 1953.  Over  his career

        he will be All-NFL for eight straight years (1956-1963),

        play in nine Pro Bowl games, and named NFL's Lineman of

        Year (1956). He will play for the Giants for 13 seasons

        and will be elected to the NFL Hall of Fame in 1975.


1942 - Sixty leading southern African Americaans issued the

        "Durham Manifesto", calling for fundamental changes in

        race relations after a Durham, North Carolina, meeting.


1952 - The Mau Mau uprising against British rule in Kenya begins,

        with attacks against both British settlers and Africans

        who refused to join the rebellion.  Although British rule

        is widely resented in Kenya, the Mau Mau fighters are

        mostly members of the Kikuyu ethnic group, whose land had

        been taken over by British settlers. The British will

        respond harshly to the rebellion, killing nearly 11,000

        rebels and confining 80,000 Kikuyus in detention camps. 

        Although it will be a military failure, the Mau Mau

        rebellion will bring international attention to the

        Africans' grievances, and contribute to Kenya's

        independence in 1963.


1953 - Jomo Kenyattta and five other Mau Mau leaders are refused

        an appeal of their prison terms in British East Africa

        (Kenya). Members of the Mau Mau guerilla troops all took

        an oath to commit themselves to expelling all white

        settlers in Kenya and to eliminate the Africans who

        cooperated with or benefited from colonial rule.


1963 - Jim Brown, of the Cleveland Browns, seets the then NFL

        all-time rushing record, 8,390 yds.  


1963 - South Africa begins the trial of Nelsoon Mandela & eight

        others on charges of conspiracy.


1967 - An all-white federal jury in Meridian,, Mississippi

        convicts 7 white men in the murder of 3 civil rights

        workers.  They are convicted of civil rights' violations.


1968 - Elder Lightfoot Solomon Michaux, joins the ancestors at

        the age of 84.  His church services were broadcast weekly,

        first on radio, then on television.  The theme song of his

        broadcasts was "Happy am I, I'm always happy!"


1976 - New York Nets' (ABA), Julius "Dr.. J" Erving is traded to

        the Philadelphia 76ers.  This will be the beginning of his

        All-Star career in the NBA.


1989 - The Senate convicts U.S. District Judgge Alcee L. Hastings

        of perjury and conspiracy and removes him from office. The

        conviction will be overturned and Hastings is later

        elected to the House of Representatives.





The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"InfoBeat," "I, Too, Sing America - The African American>

Book of Days," "Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and 

independent research by Rene’ A. Perry.




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Last Updated Monday, October 20, 2014