THE MUNIRAH CHRONICLE
******* Today in Black History – December 3, 2020 *******
1841 - Abolitionist Charles Lenox Remond returns to the United
States after a year and a half in Great Britain. He
had been serving as a delegate to the world Anti-
Slavery Convention in London. He brings with him an
"Address from the People of Ireland" including 60,000
signatures urging Irish-Americans to "oppose slavery by
peaceful means and to insist upon liberty for all
regardless of color, creed, or country."
1843 - The Society of Colored People in Baltimore, is the first
African American Catholic association whose documentation
has been preserved. Their notebook will begin today and
continue until September 7, 1845.
1847 - Frederick Douglass and Martin R. Delaney begin the
publication of "The North Star" newspaper, one of the
leading abolitionist newspapers of its day.
1864 - The Twenty-Fifth Corps, the largest all African American
unit in the history of the U.S. Army, is established by
General Order # 297 of the War Department, Adjutant
General's Office. The Colored Troops of the Department
of Virginia and North Carolina were organized into the
Twenty-Fifth Corps under the command of Major General G.
1866 - John Swett Rock, a Massachusetts lawyer and dentist joins
the ancestors. He had become the first African American
certified to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.
Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase appointed Dr. Rock to
present cases before the Supreme Court on December 31,
1868 - The trial of ex-Confederacy president, Jefferson Davis
begins, marking the first United States trial with
African Americans included in the jury.
1883 - The Forty-Eighth Congress (1883-85) convenes. Only Two
African Americans are included as representatives. They
are James E. O'Hara of North Carolina and Robert Smalls
of South Carolina.
1883 - George L. Ruffin is appointed a city judge in Boston,
1922 - Ralph Alexander Gardner-Chavis is born in Cleveland, Ohio.
He will become a pioneer chemist whose research into
plastics leads to the development of so-called "hard
plastics." His innovations in the manipulation of
catalytic chemicals will lead to the products for the
petrochemical and pharmaceutical industries as well as
plastics. He will work under nuclear scientist Dr. Enrico
Fermi and radioactivity scientist Dr. Nathan Sugarman. He
will be one of more than a dozen black scientists who were
involved in research on the Manhattan Project, which will
lead to the atomic bomb. Known throughout most of his life
as Ralph Alexander Gardner, he will add the "Chavis" surname
late in his career in recognition of his relationship to
John Chavis, in 1760 the first African American to graduate
from Princeton. In 1949, he will become a research chemist
and project leader at the Standard Oil Company in Ohio,
where he will remain for almost 20 years. He will complete
his graduate studies at Case Western Reserve in Cleveland,
earning both a master's degree and Ph.D. in chemistry in 1952
and 1959 respectively. He will then take a teaching position
in Cleveland State University's Chemistry Department, where
he will remain full-time from 1968 to 1985. He will later
combine part-time teaching with work in the research lab of
Molecular Technology Corporation, a private firm where he will
also serve as the Vice President of Research and on the board
of directors. He will join the ancestors on March 27, 2018 in
Monterey Park, California at the age 0f 95.
1951 - President Truman names a committee to monitor compliance
with anti-discrimination provisions in U.S. government
contracts and sub-contracts.
1956 - Wilt Chamberlain plays in his first collegiate basketball
game and scores 52 points.
1962 - Edith Spurlock Sampson is sworn in as the first African
American woman judge.
1964 - David A. Harris is hired by American Airlines, becoming the
first African American to be hired as a pilot for a major
1964 - The Spingarn Medal is presented to NAACP executive secretary
Roy Wilkins for his contribution to "the advancement of the
American people and the national purpose."
1964 - The Independence Bank of Chicago is organized.
1964 - J. Raymond Jones is elected leader of the New York Democratic
organization (Tammany Hall).
1970 - Jennifer Josephine Hosten become the first African American
1979 - An University of Southern California running back, Charles
White, is named the Heisman Trophy winner for 1979. White,
who gained a career regular season total of 5,598 yards, will
play professionally for the Los Angeles Rams.
1982 - Thomas Hearns unifies the world boxing titles in the junior
middleweight division by capturing the WBC title over Wilfredo
1988 - Barry Sanders wins the Heisman Trophy.
1988 - In South Africa, 11 black funeral mourners are slain in Natal
Province in an attack blamed on security forces.
1990 - "Black Art - Ancestral Legacy: The African Impulse in African
American Art" opens at the Dallas Museum of Art. United States
and Caribbean artists represented among the more than 150 works
include Richmond Barthe', John Biggers, Aaron Douglas, Malvin
Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, and Houston Conwill.
1997 - President Clinton hosts his first town hall meeting on America's
race relations in Akron, Ohio.
The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,
"Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and independent
research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, I.
EVERY MONTH SHOULD BE BLACK HISTORY MONTH! CHECK OUT THESE OTHER BLACK HISTORY SITES ON THE WEB
Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City
Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man
Black History - Afro-American Newspapers
National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee
Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History - located in Detroit, Michigan
Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland
National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC
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Last Updated Thursday, December 03, 2020