*******   Today in Black History –  January 19, 2020  *******   

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1871 - Alpha Lodge of New Jersey, Number 116, Free and Accepted

        Masons becomes the first Black Masonic lodge recognized by

        white Masonry in the United States.


1918 - John Harold Johnson is born in Arkansas City, Arkansas.

        He will become the founder and president of Johnson

        Publishing Company, Inc., the most prosperous African

        American publishing company in America. His company will

        publish the "Negro Digest"(his first), "Ebony," "Jet,"

        "Black Star," "Black World" and "Ebony Jr." magazines. He

        will receive numerous awards, including the Horatio Alger

        Award, the NAACP Spingarn Medal and the National Newspaper

        Publishers Association's Henry Johnson Fisher Award for

        outstanding contributions to publishing. He will be the

        first Black person to appear on the Forbes 400 Rich List,

        and have a fortune estimated at close to $500 million. He

        will join the ancestors on August 8, 2005.


1952 - The PGA Tournament Committee votes to allow African American

        golfers to compete in sanctioned golf tournaments.


1953 - Jesse Owens is named Illinois Athletic Commission secretary.


1957 - Ottis Jerome "O.J." Anderson is born in West Palm Beach, Florida.

        He will be a football and track star at Forest Hill High School

        in West Palm Beach, Florida before graduating in 1975. He will

        go on to attend the University of Miami on a full athletic

        scholarship and earn a degree in Physical Education. During his

        college career, he will break Chuck Foreman's career rushing

        records at the University of Miami, becoming the first player to

        rush for more than 1,000 yards in the school's history his senior

        year with 1,266 yards. He will be selected in the first round of

        the 1979 NFL Draft, the 8th overall pick, by the St. Louis

        Cardinals. He will have what is probably the greatest debut game

        in NFL history when he rushes for 193 yards. His single season

        1,605 rushing yard performance will be one of the few bright

        spots in the Cardinals' 1979 season, when they finished 5-11. He

        will earn the first of back-to-back Pro Bowl selections that year.

        In his first six seasons, he will rush for over 1,000 yards in

        five seasons. The lone exception will be in the 1982 strike-

        shortened season, when he rushes for 587 yards in eight games, and

        will be as on pace for well over 1,000 yards, if 1982 were a full

        16 game season. The Cardinals will make the playoffs in 1982, thanks

        to an expanded field due to the brevity of the season. It will be

        the franchise's first postseason appearance since 1975 and last

        until 1998. He will rush for 58 yards on eight carries against the

        Green Bay Packers in the team's lone playoff game. Injuries will

        drastically decrease the number of games he will play each season,

        and his explosiveness as a tailback. After a year and a half, Stump

        Mitchell will emerge as the Cards' top running back, and the

        expendable Anderson will be traded to the New York Giants in the

        middle of the 1986 season. By this time in his career, it is clear

        that he was better used in goal line or short yardage situations.

        He will rush for only six yards on seven carries in the 1986 playoffs,

        but will score a rushing touchdown in the Giants' victory over the

        Denver Broncos in Super Bowl XXI. His last season will be 1992. When

        he retires, he will rank seventh in rushing TDs and eighth in rushing

        yards. At the 2014 season, he will be ranked 18th in career rushing

        touchdowns and is one of 29 running backs in the history of the NFL

        to rush for more than 10,000 yards (currently ranked 26th in career

        rushing yards).


1959 - In a letter to her mother shortly before the opening of her

        first play, "A Raisin in the Sun," Lorraine Hansberry says

        "Mama, it is a play that tells the truth about people,

        Negroes, and life and I think it will help a lot of people

        to understand how we are just as complicated as they are--

        and just as mixed up--but above all, that we have among our

        miserable and downtrodden ranks--people who are the very

        essence of human dignity. That is what, after all the

        laughter and tears, the play is supposed to say."


1970 - The California state board of regents fires Angela Davis

        from her teaching position at the University of California

        at Los Angeles for being a Communist. This will be done at

        the urging of then Governor Ronald Reagan. Her dismissal

        will be overturned later by the courts, but the board of

        regents will refuse to renew her contract at the end of the

        1969-1970 academic year.


1977 - Ernie Banks is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.


1983 - In its "State of Black America" annual report, the National

        Urban League warns that the recession had disproportionately

        hurt African Americans: "A major question facing the nation

        in 1983 is whether the inevitable restructuring of the

        American economy will include Black people."


1990 - Police break up protests in Johannesburg against the cricket

        players defying a boycott on playing in apartheid South Africa.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and independent

research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, Sr.




Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC



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