*******  Today in Black History –  December 1, 2015  *******   

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1641 - Massachusetts becomes the first colony too give statutory

        recognition to the institution of slavery.


1821 - Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) proclaaims independence

        from Spain.


1873 - The 43rd Congress (1873-75) convenes withh seven African

        American congressmen: Richard H. Cain, Robert Brown

        Elliott, Joseph H. Rainey and Alonzo J. Ransier, South

        Carolina; James T. Rapier, Alabama; Josiah T. Walls,

        Florida; John R. Lynch, Mississippi.


1873 - Mifflin Wister Gibb is elected city judgee in Little Rock,

        Arkansas and becomes the first African American to hold

        such a position.


1873 - Bennett College (Greensboro, North Caroliina) and Wiley

        College (Marshall, Texas) are founded.


1874 - Queen Esther Chapter No. 1, Order of the Eastern Star, is

        established at 708 O Street, N.W., Washington, DC in the

        home of Mrs. Georgiana Thomas.  The first Worthy Matron

        is Sister Martha Welch and the first Worthy Patron is

        Bro. Thornton A. Jackson.  This establishes the first

        Eastern Star Chapter among African American women in the

        United States.


1877 - Jonathan Jasper Wright, the first Africann American state

        supreme court justice, resigns from the state supreme

        court in South Carolina.  He resigns knowing that whites

        would soon force him off the bench after overthrowing

        the Reconstruction government.  He will later join the

        ancestors on February 19, 1885, in obscurity, of



1934 - Paul Williams is born in Philadelphia, Peennsylvania. He

        will become Billy Paul, rhythm and blues singer, best

        known for his song, "Me and Mrs. Jones". The song,

        recorded in 1972 will earn him a Grammy Award.


1935 - Lou Rawls is born in Chicago, Illinois.  A successful

        rhythm, blues, and jazz singer, he will record over 30

        albums including "Unmistakably Lou", a 1977 Grammy

        winner for best R & B vocal performance.  He will also

        be a strong supporter of African American colleges, as

        host of the annual UNCF telethon.  He will join the

        ancestors on January 6, 2006.


1940 - Richard Franklin Lennox Pryor III is bornn in Peoria,

        Illinois. Raised in a brothel owned by his grandmother,

        Pryor will try music as a drummer before his big comedy

        break on "The Ed Sullivan Show" and a series of

        successful, Grammy-winning comedy albums.  Pryor will

        also make movies, most notably "Stir Crazy" and "Silver

        Streak".  Pryor will also battle drug abuse and illness

        in his career, including his near death from burns

        inflicted while freebasing cocaine and a battle against

        multiple sclerosis. He will join the ancestors on

        December 5, 2005.


1955 - Rosa Parks, a seamstress, refuses to takee a back seat on

        a Montgomery, Alabama bus.  Her refusal to move will

        result in her arrest and will begin a 382-day boycott

        of the bus system by African Americans and mark the

        beginning of the modern American Civil Rights movement.


1958 - The Central African Republic is made an aautonomous

        member of the French Commonwealth of Nations.


1980 - George Rogers, of the University of Southh Carolina, is

        named the Heisman Trophy winner.  Rogers will go on to

        achieve success with the Washington Redskins.


1980 - United States Justice Department sues thee city of

        Yonkers, New York, citing racial discrimination.


1981 - Kareem Abdul-Jabbar surpasses Oscar Roberrtson as

        basketball's second all-time leading scorer (second

        only to Wilt Chamberlain).  Kareem gets to the total of

        26,712 points as the Los Angeles Lakers beat the Utah

        Jazz 117-86. Chamberlain's record will fall in 1984,

        when Kareem's scores reach 31,259.  Kareem will wind up

        his career in 1989 with 38,387 points.


1982 - Michael Jackson's album "Thriller&quuot; is released and will

        go on to become the best-selling album in history, with

        over 40 million copies sold worldwide.


1987 - James Baldwin, author, joins the ancestorrs in St. Paul

        de Vence, France, of stomach cancer, at the age of 63. 

        He explored the plight of oppressed African Americans in

        20th century America in a variety of literary forms. 

        His output included novels and plays, but it was above

        all, as an essayist, that he achieved a reputation as

        the most literary spokesman in the struggle for civil

        rights in the 1950s and 1960s.  His three most important

        collection of essays were "Notes of a Native Son" in

        1955, "Nobody Knows My Name" in 1961, and "The Fire Next

        Time" in 1963.  The most highly regarded of his novels

        were the first three, "Go Tell It on the Mountain" in

        1953, "Giovanni's Room" in 1956, and "Another Country"

        in 1962.


1989 - Dancer and choreographer Alvin Ailey joinns the ancestors

        in New York City. Ailey began his professional career

        with Lester Horton, founded, and was the sole director

        of the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater in 1958. 

        Initially performing four concerts annually, he took

        the company to Europe on one of the most successful

        tours ever by an American dance troupe.  Among his

        honors were the NAACP's Spingarn Medal in 1977, and

        Kennedy Center Honors.


1992 - Pearl Stewart becomes the first African AAmerican woman

        editor of the Oakland Tribune, which has a circulation

        of over 100,000.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and independent

research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, Sr.




Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC


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Last Updated Tuesday, December 01, 2015