*******   Today in Black History –  June 1, 2020  *******   

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1835 - The Fifth National Negro Convention recommends that Blacks

        remove the word "African" from the titles of their

        organizations and discontinue referring to themselves as



1843 - Sojourner Truth leaves New York and begins her career as an

        anti-slavery activist.


1868 - The Texas constitutional convention convenes in Austin with

        eighty-one whites and nine African Americans in attendance.


1868 - The Florida General Assembly meets in Tallahassee with

        fifty-seven whites and nineteen African Americans in



1868 - Solomon George Washington Dill, white ally of African

        American Republicans, is assassinated in his home by white

        terrorists. He had allegedly made "incendiary speeches"

        to South Carolina African Americans.


1921 - A major race riot occurs in the Greenwood section of Tulsa,

        Oklahoma. Twenty-one whites and sixty African Americans

        will be killed according to some sources. The destruction

        caused in the area referred to as "Black Wall Street,"

        prompts the first American Red Cross response to a man-

        made disaster. The Red Cross will report that 1115 houses

        and businesses belonging to African Americans were burned

        down, and another 314 were looted. Their statistics will

        also show that 300 persons were killed, a much higher

        figure than chronicled by other historical sources. For

        more information about the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921, go to


1928 - Paul Raymond Jones is born in Bessemer, Alabama. He will

        become a major collector of African American art. During the

        early 1960's, he will decide to purchase his first three

        paintings forming the beginning of his collection. They were

        by artists, Toulouse-Lautrec, Degas, and Chagall. After

        collecting for a couple of years, he will realize that African

        American art was "abundant and affordable" yet hardly ever

        represented in the collections of museums. As the years pass,

        his collection of African American art and his reputation will

        grow. His collection will be featured at several different

        museums over the course of his lifetime. Currently, the Paul R.

        Jones Collection resides at the University of Delaware where it

        is a tool to educate and foster enjoyment. The University of

        Alabama will also establish an art collection in his name after

        receiving some 1,700 pieces valued at $5 million in 2008. He

        will join the ancestors on January 26, 2010.


1935 - Frederick Eikerenkoetter is born in Ridgeland, South

        Carolina. He will receive a B.A. in Theology from the

        American Bible College in Chicago, Illinois in 1955 and

        become a minister better known as "Reverend Ike." He will

        be the first African American minister with a television

        show and will report a following of close to 7,000,000 by

        1982. His ministry will reach its peak in the mid 1970s, when

        his weekly radio sermons will be carried by hundreds of stations

        across the United States. He will be famous for his Blessing

        Plan--radio listeners will send him money and in return he

        will bless them. He will say doing this would make radio

        listeners who did it more prosperous. In the 1990s, he will be

        active on the Internet and in a syndicated television programs.

        He will join the ancestors on July 28, 2009.


1937 - Morgan Freeman is born in Memphis, Tennessee. Making his

        acting debut in an all African American cast of "Hello

        Dolly" in 1968, Freeman will also have a major role in the

        television program "The Electric Company" before breaking

        into movies. He will receive an Academy Award nomination

        for his role in "Street Smart," and star in "Clean and

        Sober" and Lean on Me." He will be nominated again for a

        supporting role in "Glory" and for his starring role in

        "Driving Miss Daisy." He will make his directing debut in

        1993 with the film, "Bopha," a drama set in South Africa

        under the policy of apartheid.


1941 - The first African American tank battalion, the 758th, is



1942 - The Marine Corps begins enlistment of African Americans at

        Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.


1948 - Johnny Lee "Sonny Boy" Williamson joins the ancestors in

        Chicago, Illinois at the age of 34 after being murdered on

        the front steps of his home. He was a master of the blues

        harmonica and transformed the instrument from a novelty

        into a major component of Chicago-style blues. He will be

        inducted into the Blues Foundation's Hall of Fame in 1980.


1961 - Marcus G. Curry is born in Oakland, California. He will be known

        professionally as Mark Curry, an actor, comedian, and host. He

        will be best known for his role as Mark Cooper, ex-basketball

        player turned teacher on the ABC sitcom Hangin' with Mr. Cooper

        which originally aired from 1992 to 1997. He will also serve as

        one of the various hosts of the syndicated series It's Showtime

        at the Apollo during the early 1990s. He will star in Nick At

        Nite's first-ever original live-action family comedy series, See

        Dad Run, as Scott Baio's best friend Marcus from 2012-2015.  


1966 - Approximately 2,400 persons attend a White House Conference

        on Civil Rights.


1973 - WGPR-TV (Channel 62) in Detroit, Michigan, is granted a

        permit to operate. It is the first television station

        owned by African Americans.


1991 - Zazie Olivia Beetz is born in Mitte, Berlin, Germany. She will

        become an actress best known for her starring role as Vanessa

        "Van" Keefer on the FX comedy-drama series Atlanta (2016-present).

        The Atlanta role will result in a nomination for a Primetime Emmy

        Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series. She

        will also appear in the Netflix anthology series Easy (2016-17).

        She will star as Dana in the disaster film Geostorm (2017) and as

        the Marvel Comics character Domino in the superhero film Deadpool

        2 (2018).


1997 - Betty Shabazz, widow of Malcolm X, is fatally burned in a

        fire set by her 12-year-old grandson in her Yonkers, New

        York, apartment.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and independent

research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, Sr.




Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC



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