*******  Today in Black History –  August 4, 2015  *******   

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1810 - Robert Purvis is born in Charleston, Soutth Carolina to a

        wealthy white cotton merchant father, William Purvis and

        a mulatto mother, Harriet Judah. After graduating from

        Amherst College in Massachusetts, he will move to

        Pennsylvania. In 1833, he will help William Lloyd

        Garrison establish the American Anti-Slavery Society,

        sign its Declaration of Sentiments and will be on the

        first board of managers. In the same year, he will help

        establish the Library Company of Colored People. In 1838,

        he will draft "Appeal of Forty Thousand Citizens

        Threatened with Disfranchisement," which supports the

        repeal of a new state statute barring African Americans

        from voting. As a supporter of the Underground Railroad,

        he will serve as chairman of the General Vigilance

        Committee from 1852 until 1857. According to records that

        he will keep, from 1831 until 1861, he estimates that he

        helped one slave achieve freedom per day. According to

        these figures, he helped 9,000 slaves achieve freedom.

        He will join the ancestors on April 15, 1898.


1870 - White conservatives suppress the African American vote and

        capture the Tennessee legislature in an election marred

        by assassinations and widespread violence.  The campaign

        effectively ends Radical Reconstruction in North Carolina.

        The conservative legislature will impeach Governor Holden

        on December 14.


1875 - The Convention of Colored Newspapermen iss held in

        Cincinnati, Ohio. The meeting is attended by J. Sella

        Martin of the "True Republican", Mifflin W. Gibbs, former

        publisher of California's "Mirror of the Times"

        representing the "Pacific Appeal", Henry McNeal Turner of

        Philadelphia's "Christian Recorder", the San Francisco

        "Elevator's" L. H. Douglass, and Henry Scroggins of the

        "American Citizen" (Lexington, Kentucky).  Chairman P.B.S.

        Pinchback states the aim of the national organization: "to

        make colored people's newspapers self-sustaining."  At the

        time of the convention, Martin's "New Era" and Frederick

        Douglass' "North Star" are among eight African American

        newspaper failures.


1885 - W.C. Carter invents the umbrella stand.


1890 - Sam T. Jack's play "Creoles" oppens in Haverhill,

        Massachusetts. It is the first time African American women

        are featured as performers on the stage.


1891 - George Washington Williams joins the anceestors in Blackpool,

        England at the age of 41. He was the first major African

        American historian and published his major work, "History

        of the Negro Race in America from 1619 to 1880" in 1883.


1896 - W.S. Grant patents a curtain rod support..


1897 - Henry Rucker is appointed collector of Innternal Revenue for



1901 - Daniel Louis Armstrong is born in New Orlleans, Louisiana.

        He will become a jazz musician specializing in the cornet

        and trumpet. He will win a Grammy Award for his rendition

        of "Hello, Dolly!" in 1964.  He will be awarded the

        Lifetime Achievement Award in 1971. Some of his other hits

        will be "It's a Wonderful World," "Mack the Knife," and

        "Blueberry Hill." He will also be featured in films: "The

        Five Pennies," "The Glenn Miller Story," "Hello Dolly!,"

        and "High Society." He will be referred to as the American

        ambassador of good will and will be inducted into the Rock

        and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990. Throughout his life, he will

        resent the nickname "Satchmo", short for satchel mouth. He

        will join the ancestors on July 6, 1971.


1916 - The United States purchases the Danish Viirgin Islands for

        $25 million.


1931 - Dr. Daniel Hale Williams, heart surgeon, founder of

        Chicago's Provident Hospital, joins the ancestors.


1936 - "Long" John Woodruff, of the Unniversity of Pittsburgh, wins

        a gold medal in the 800-meter run at the Olympic Summer

        Games in Berlin, Germany. He, like Jesse Owens (who had won

        his second medal earlier in the day), will be snubbed by

        Adolph Hitler, who believes that Blacks are incapable of

        athletic achievement.


1936 - Jesse Owens sets a new Olympic running brroad jump record by

        leaping 26' 5 5/16".


1953 - The movement of African American familiess into the Trumbull

        Park housing project in Chicago, Illinois, triggers

        virtually continuous riot conditions which will last more

        than three years and require the assignment of more than

        one thousand policemen to keep order.


1962 - Nelson Mandela is captured and jailed by South African



1964 - James E. Chaney and two other civil rightts workers' bodies

        are found in an earthen dam on a farm in Philadelphia,

        Mississippi. They had been missing since June 21.  The FBI

        says that they had been murdered on the night of their

        disappearance by segregationists.  Eighteen whites,

        including several police officers, were charged with

        conspiracy to deprive the victims of their civil rights.


1969 - Willie Stargell> is the first to hit a home run out of Dodger



1980 - Maury Wills is named manager of the Seatttle Mariners. He is

        the third African American to be named a major league



1985 - California Angel Rod Carew gets his 3,0000th base hit.


1996 - On the final day of the Atlanta Olympics,, Josia Thugwane

        became the first Black South African to win a gold medal as

        he finished first in the marathon.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"InfoBeat," "I, Too, Sing America - The African American

Book of Days," "Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and 

independent research by Rene’ A. Perry.




Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC


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Last Updated Tuesday, August 04, 2015