*******   Today in Black History –  June 17, 2018  *******   

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1775 - Former slave Peter Salem shoots and kills British

        Commander Major John Pitcairn, becoming the hero of

        the Battle of Bunker Hill. Salem, along with Seasor,

        Pharoah, Salem Poor, Barzaillai Lew, and Cuff

        Whittmore, fights in the battles of Bunker Hill and

        Breed's Hill. Pitcairn was the major who ordered

        British soldiers to fire on the Minutemen at



1822 - In New York City, the first elders of the newly

        founded African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Zion Church

        are ordained.


1871 - James William Johnson is born in Jacksonville, Florida. 

        He will become a writer ("Autobiography of an Ex-Colored

        Man"), poet, first African American admitted to the

        Florida bar, diplomat, executive secretary of the NAACP,

        and professor. He will change his middle name to Weldon

        in 1913. He also will write the words and his brother

        J. Rosamond Johnson will write the music to "Lift Every

        Voice And Sing", referred to as the "Negro National

        Anthem." He will join the ancestors on June 26, 1938 near

        his summer home in Wiscasset, Maine, when the car in which

        he will be driving, is struck by a train.


1897 - William Frank Powell, a New Jersey educator, is

        named minister to Haiti.


1957 - A major boycott begins in Tuskegee, Alabama. African

        Americans boycott city stores in protest against an

        act of the state legislature which deprives them of

        municipal votes by placing their homes outside city



1966 - Stokely Carmichael calls for the Black Power Movement

        at a Greenwood, Mississippi rally.


1967 - Six days of racially motivated disturbances end in

        Newark, New Jersey, in the worst urban violence since

        the Watts Rebellion of 1965.


1969 - Jazz musician, Charles Mingus, comes out of a two-year,

        self-imposed retirement to make a concert appearance at

        the Village Vanguard in New York City.


1972 - Frank Wills, a Washington, DC security guard, foils the

        break-in at offices of the Democratic National Committee.

        The offices at the Watergate complex, are targeted for

        the placement of surveillance equipment. This will be the

        first event of the Watergate conspiracy.  Mr. Wills will

        be rewarded for his actions by losing his job and

        becoming unable to get another security job in the

        Washington area.


1990 - South African Black nationalist Nelson Mandela and his

        wife, Winnie, arrive in Ottawa, Canada, en route to an

        11-day tour of the United States.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and independent

research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, Sr.




Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC



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Last Updated Sunday, June 17, 2018