*******  Today in Black History –  September 2, 2014  *******   

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1766 - Abolitionist, inventor, and entrepreneeur, James Forten is

        born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


1833 - Oberlin College, one of the first collleges to admit

        African Americans, is founded in Oberlin, Ohio.


1864 - In series of battles around Chaffin's Farm in the suburbs

        of Richmond, Virginia, African American troops capture

        entrenchments at New Market Heights, make a gallant but

        unsuccessful assault on Fort Gilmer and help repulse a

        Confederate counterattack on Fort Harrison.  The Thirty-

        Ninth U.S. Colored Troops will win a Congressional Medal

        of Honor in the engagements.


1902 - "In Dahomey" premieres at thhe Old Globe Theater in Boston,

        Massachusetts.  With music by Will Marion Cook and lyrics

        by poet Paul Laurence Dunbar, it is the most successful

        musical of its day.


1911 - Romare Bearden is born in Charlotte, NNorth Carolina. His

        family will move to the village of Harlem in New York

        City in 1914.  He will call New York his home for the

        rest of his life. A student at New York University,  the

        American Artists School, Columbia University, and the

        Sorbonne, Bearden's depiction of the rituals and social

        customs of African American life will be imbued with an

        eloquence and power that will earn him accolades as one

        of the finest artists of the 20th century and a master

        of collage. Among his honors will be election to the

        American Academy of Arts and Letters and the National

        Institute of Arts and Letters, and receiving the

        President's National Medal of Arts in 1987. He will join

        the ancestors on March 12, 1988 after succumbing to

        complications of bone cancer.


1928 - Horace Ward Martin Tavares Silver is bborn in Norwalk,

        Connecticut. He will become a jazz pianist, bandleader,

        and composer who will initially lead the Jazz Messengers

        with drummer Art Blakey before forming his own band in

        1956.  A pioneer of the hard bop style, he will attract

        to his band the talents of Art Farmer, Donald Byrd, and

        Blue Mitchell, among others.


1945 - The end of World War II (V-J Day).  A total of 1,154,720

        African Americans have been inducted or drafted into the

        armed forces. Official records list 7,768 African

        American commissioned officers on August 31, 1945. At

        the height of the conflict,  3,902 African American women

        (115 officers) were enrolled in the Women's Army

        Auxiliary Corps (WACS) and 68 were in the Navy auxiliary,

        the WAVES. The highest ranking African American women

        were Major Harriet M. West and Major Charity E. Adams. 

        Distinguished Unit Citations were awarded to the 969th

        Field Artillery Battalion, the 614th Tank Destroyer

        Battalion, and the 332nd Fighter Group (Tuskegee Airmen).


1946 - William Everett "Billy" Presston is born in Houston, Texas.

        He will become a musician songwriter and singer. His hits

        will include "Will It Go Round in Circles", "Nothing from

        Nothing", "Outa-Space", "Get Back" (with The Beatles),

        and "With You I'm Born Again"(with Syreeta). He also will

        appear in film: "St. Louis Blues" and play with Little

        Richard's Band. He will collaborate with some of the

        greatest names in the music industry, including the

        Beatles, the Rolling Stones, Little Richard, Ray Charles,

        George Harrison, Elton John, Eric Clapton, Bob Dylan, Sam

        Cooke, King Curtis, Sammy Davis Jr., Sly Stone, Aretha

        Franklin, the Jackson 5, Quincy Jones, Richie Sambora,

        and the Red Hot Chili Peppers. He will play the electric

        piano on the Get Back sessions in 1969 and is one of

        several people sometimes credited as the "Fifth Beatle".

        He is one of only two non-Beatles to receive label

        performance credit on any Beatles record.  He will join

        the ancestors on June 6, 2006 in Scottsdale, Arizona.


1956 - The Tennessee National Guard is sent tto Clinton, Tennessee,

        to quell white mobs demonstrating against school



1960 - Eric Dickerson is born in Sealy, Texass. He will become a

        professional football player and will become NFC Rookie

        of the Year in 1983.  He will also set a NFL single-

        season rushing record of 2,105 yards in 1984.


1963 - Alabama Governor George Wallace blockss the integration of

        Tuskegee High School in Tuskegee, Alabama.


1965 - Lennox Claudius Lewis, former WBC boxiing champ, is born

        in West Ham, London, England.


1966 - Frank Robinson is named Most Valuable Player of the

        American League.


1971 - Cheryl White becomes the first Africann American woman

        jockey to win a sanctioned horse race.


1975 - Joseph W. Hatchett sworn in as first AAfrican American

        state supreme court justice in the South (Florida) in

        the twentieth century.


1978 - Reggie Jackson is 19th player to hit 220 home runs in 11

        straight years.


1989 - Rev. Al Sharpton leads a civil rights march through the

        Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn, New York.





The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"InfoBeat," "I, Too, Sing America - The African American>

Book of Days," "Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and 

independent research by Rene’ A. Perry.




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Last Updated Tuesday, September 02, 2014