*******  Today in Black History –  July 30, 2014  *******   

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1822 - James Varick is consecrated as the firrst bishop of the

        African Methodist Episcopal Church Zion (AMEZ). Varick

        had formed the first African American church in New York

        City in 1796 when forced to sit in segregated seating in

        the white John Street Methodist Episcopal Church and had

        established the first AMEZ church in New Haven,



1839 - Slave rebels, led by Joseph Cinque, kiill the captain and

        take over the slave ship Amistad in the most celebrated

        of American slave mutinies.  The rebels were captured off

        Long Island on August 26.


1863 - President Lincoln gave an order to shooot a Confederate

        prisoner for every African American prisoner that was shot;

        it became known as the "eye-for-eye" order.  A rebel

        prisoner would also be condemned to life in prison doing

        hard labor, for every African American prisoner sold into

        slavery.  The order had restraining influence on the

        Confederate government, though individual commanders and

        soldiers continued to murder captured African American



1864 - The Union Army explodes a mine under rrebel lines near

        Petersburg, Virginia, commits three white and one African

        American divisions and is soundly defeated.  The African

        American division of the Ninth Corps sustains heavy

        casualties in an ill-planned attack. The only Union success

        of the day is scored by the Forty-third U.S. Colored Troops

        which captures two hundred rebel prisoners and two stands

        of colors. Decatur Dorsey of the Thirty-ninth U.S. Colored

        Troops wins a Congressional Medal of Honor.


1866 - Edward G. Walker, son of abolitionist David Walker, and

        Charles L. Mitchell are elected to the Massachusetts

        Assembly from Boston and become the first African Americans

        to sit in the legislature of an American state in the

        post-Civil War period.


1866 - White Democrats, led by police, attackk a convention of

        African American and white Republicans in New Orleans,

        Louisiana. More than 40 persons are killed, and at least

        150 persons are wounded. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, Military

        commander of the state, says "It was not riot; it was an

        absolute massacre...which the mayor and the police of the

        city perpetrated without the shadow of a necessity."


1885 - Eugene Kinckle Jones is born in Richmoond, Virginia. He will

        attend Cornell University where he will become one of the

        seven founders of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. After

        completing his education, he will become a social worker

        and first executive secretary of the National Urban League.

        During his 20-year tenure with the league, he will  be

        instrumental in its expansion to 58 affiliates and a budget

        of $2.5 million as well as expanding its fellowship program

        to train social workers. The League, under his direction,

        will significantly expand its multifaceted campaign to crack

        the barriers to black employment, spurred first by the boom

        years of the 1920s, and then, by the desperate years of the

        Great Depression. He will implement boycotts against firms

        that refused to employ blacks, pressure schools to expand

        vocational opportunities for young people, constantly

        prod Washington officials to include blacks in New Deal

        recovery programs, and drive to get blacks into previously

        segregated labor unions. He will be a member of President

        Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Black Cabinet, an informal group of

        African American public policy advisors to the President.

        He will join the ancestors on January 11, 1954.


1945 - Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., activist andd politician, is elected

        to the U.S. House of Representatives representing Harlem.


1956 - Anita Hill is born in Morris, Oklahomaa.  She will become an

        attorney, educator, author and activist. She will receive

        her law degree from Yale University, and after a stint at

        the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), she will

        teach law at the University of Oklahoma. In 1991 she will be

        catapulted into the public spotlight when she brings

        allegations of sexual harassment against Supreme Court

        nominee Clarence Thomas. At Thomas's Senate confirmation

        hearings, she will testify that Thomas had made unwelcome

        sexual advances while he was her supervisor at the EEOC in

        the 1980s. Although Thomas's appointment will be

        subsequently confirmed, her testimony will bring the issue

        of sexual harassment to public attention, forever changing

        relations between men and women in the workplace. In 1997,

        she will publish "Speaking Truth to Power," a personal

        memoir and study of her involvement in the Thomas hearings.

        She will resume her teaching career at Brandeis University.


1959 - Willie McCovey steps to the plate for the first time in his

        major-league baseball career. McCovey, of the San Francisco

        Giants bats 4-for-4 in his debut against Robin Roberts of

        the Philadelphia Phillies.  He hits two singles and two

        triples, driving in two runs. It is the start of an All-Star

        career that will land McCovey in baseball's Hall of Fame in

        Cooperstown, New York.


1961 - Lawrence Fishburne is born in Augusta,, Georgia. He will start

        his acting career at the age of 12, getting his big break

        portraying Joshua Hall on the ABC soap opera, "One Life to

        Live in 1973." He will be originally cast in the hit tv show

        "Good Times," but the role will eventually go to Ralph

        Carter. He will later earn a supporting role in Francis Ford

        Coppola's "Apocalypse Now," as well as a recurring role as

        "Cowboy Curtis" alongside Pee Wee Herman (Paul Reubens) in

        the CBS children's television show, "Pee-Wee's Playhouse."

        However, it will be his 1991 role in "Boyz N The Hood" that

        gains him lasting recognition as an outstanding actor. The

        next year, he will win a Tony Award for his stage

        performance in August Wilson's "Two Trains Running," which

        is followed by an Oscar nomination one year later for his

        portrayal of Ike Turner in "What's Love Got to Do With It?."

        Also in 1992, he will receive an Emmy Award for an episode

        of the short-lived TV series "Tribeca." He will be known for

        his role as Morpheus, the hacker-mentor of Neo (Keanu

        Reeves) in the blockbuster science fiction movie series "The

        Matrix." He will also appear alongside Tom Cruise as his IMF

        superior in Mission: Impossible III.


1967 - Eight days of racially motivated distuurbances end in Detroit,

        Michigan.  The uprising, the worst of its kind in the 20th

        century, kills 43 people, injures 2,000, and results in over

        5,000 arrests and over 1,400 fires.


1967 - A racially motivated disturbance occurrs in Milwaukee,

        Wisconsin.  Four persons are killed.


1970 - Author, television columnist, and Hofsstra University

        professor Louis Lomax, joins the ancestors after being

        fatally injured in a car accident near Santa Rosa, New



1984 - Reggie Jackson hits the 494th home runn of his career, 

        passing the Yankees' Lou Gehrig and taking over 13th place

        on the all-time home run list.  Larry Sorenson is the

        victim who gave up Reggie's milestone homer.


1988 - The first National Black Arts Festivall opens in Atlanta,

        Georgia. The biennial festival includes over 50

        architectural and art exhibits including the works of

        Romare Bearden, Edwin Harleston, Camille Billops, David

        Driskell, and over 140 others.


1994 - The first U.S. troops land in the Rwanndan capital of Kigali

        to secure the airport for an expanded international aid





The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"InfoBeat," "I, Too, Sing America - The African American>

Book of Days," "Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and 

independent research by Rene’ A. Perry.




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