*******   Today in Black History –  March 21, 2018  *******   

                                                                                                                                                 Follow @BroMosi

1788 - Olaudah Equiano (aka Gustavus Vassa), a freed slave,

        petitions King George III and Queen Charlotte, to free

        enslaved Africans.


1856 - Henry Ossian Flipper is born a slave in Thomasville,

        Georgia. He will become the first African American cadet

        to graduate from the United States Military Academy at

        West Point, New York. He was never spoken to by a white

        cadet during his four years at West Point. After

        graduating, he will be appointed a second lieutenant in

        the U.S. Army. Following his commission, he will be

        transferred to one of the all-black regiments serving

        in the U.S. Army, which were historically led by white

        officers. Assigned to A Troop under the command of

        Captain Nicholas M. Nolan, he will become the first

        nonwhite officer to lead buffalo soldiers of the 10th

        Cavalry. He will serve with competency and distinction

        during the Apache Wars and the Victorio Campaign, but

        will be haunted by rumors alleging improprieties. At

        one point, he will be court martialed and dismissed

        from the U.S. Army. After losing his commission in the

        Army, he will work throughout Mexico and Latin America

        and as an assistant to the Secretary of the Interior.

        He will retire to Atlanta in 1931 and join the ancestors

        on May 3, 1940 from natural causes. In 1994, his

        descendants will apply to the U.S. military for a review

        of his court martial and dismissal. A review will find

        the conviction and punishment were "unduly harsh and

        unjust" and recommend his dismissal to be changed to a

        good conduct discharge. Shortly afterwards, an

        application for pardon was filed with the Secretary of

        the Army, which will be forwarded to the Department of

        Justice. President Bill Clinton will pardon Lieutenant

        Henry O. Flipper on February 19, 1999.


1899 - The French and British agree that the source of the Nile

        and the Congo rivers should mark the frontier between

        their spheres of influence. The Fashoda incident is the

        last serious colonial dispute between Britain and France,

        and its classic diplomatic solution is considered by most

        historians to be the precursor of the Entente Cordiale.


1934 - Al Freeman, Jr. is born in San Antonio, Texas. He will become

        an actor and will be known for his roles in "One Life to

        Live," "My Sweet Charlie," "Once Upon A Time When We Were

        Colored," "The Autobiography of Malcolm X," and "Down in The

        Delta." He will join the ancestors on August 9, 2012. He was

        a professor in the Department of Theater Arts at Howard

        University until the time of his transition.


1946 - The Los Angeles Rams sign Kenny Washington, the first African

        American player to join a National Football League team since



1949 - The Rens, originally from New York, but now representing

        Dayton, Ohio, play their last game against the Denver Nuggets. 

        Their lifetime record, amassed over 26 years, is 2,318 wins

        and 381 losses. Their opponents, the Nuggets, will become

        the first NBA team to be owned by African Americans, when

        Bertram Lee and Peter Bynoe lead a group of investors that

        buys the club in 1989.


1955 - NAACP chairman, author, and civil rights pioneer, Walter White

        joins the ancestors in New York City.


1960 - Police in Sharpeville, near Johannesburg, fire on Black South

        Africans protesting racial pass laws. A protest strategy

        devised by the Pan-African Congress to flood South African

        jails with pass violators, the protesters will suffer 72

        deaths and over 200 injuries in the two days of violence that

        will become known as the "Sharpeville Massacre." The ANC is



1965 - Thousands of marchers complete the first leg of a five-day

        freedom march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, dramatizing

        the denial of voting rights for African Americans. Led by

        Martin Luther King, Jr., thousands of marchers are protected

        by U.S. Army troops and federalized Alabama National

        Guardsmen because of violence encountered earlier, including

        the fatal beating of a white minister, Reverend James J. Reeb.


1975 - Ethiopia abolishes its monarchy after 3,000 years.


1981 - Michael Donald, an African American teen-ager in Mobile,

        Alabama, is abducted, tortured and killed in what prosecutors

        charge is a Ku Klux Klan plot. A lawsuit brought by the

        Southern Poverty Law Center on behalf of Donald's mother,

        Beulah Mae Donald, will later result in a landmark $ 7

        million judgment that bankrupts The United Klans of America.


1990 - Namibia celebrates independence from South Africa. Samuel Nujoma

        becomes president.


1990 - United States Secretary of State James Baker meets Black

        nationalist leader Nelson Mandela, in Namibia, on the

        occasion of Namibia's independence.


1991 - Test results released in Los Angeles show that Rodney King,

        the motorist whose beating by police was videotaped by a

        bystander, had marijuana and alcohol in his system following

        his arrest. President Bush denounces King's beating as

        "sickening" and "outrageous."


2011 - Disco-era singer Loleatta Holloway joins the ancestors at the

        age of 64. She's mainly known for her 1980 hit single "Love

        Sensation" which has been covered over the years by several

        high-profile bands.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and independent

research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, Sr.




Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC


Number of Visitors since 11/1/97

Web Counters


[Subscribe Munirah Chronicle]


© 1997-2018

Last Updated Wednesday, March 21, 2018