*******   Today in Black History –  December 3, 2020  *******   

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1841 - Abolitionist Charles Lenox Remond returns to the United

        States after a year and a half in Great Britain. He

        had been serving as a delegate to the world Anti-

        Slavery Convention in London. He brings with him an

        "Address from the People of Ireland" including 60,000

        signatures urging Irish-Americans to "oppose slavery by

        peaceful means and to insist upon liberty for all

        regardless of color, creed, or country."


1843 - The Society of Colored People in Baltimore, is the first

        African American Catholic association whose documentation

        has been preserved. Their notebook will begin today and

        continue until September 7, 1845.


1847 - Frederick Douglass and Martin R. Delaney begin the

        publication of "The North Star" newspaper, one of the

        leading abolitionist newspapers of its day.


1864 - The Twenty-Fifth Corps, the largest all African American

        unit in the history of the U.S. Army, is established by

        General Order # 297 of the War Department, Adjutant

        General's Office. The Colored Troops of the Department

        of Virginia and North Carolina were organized into the

        Twenty-Fifth Corps under the command of Major General G.



1866 - John Swett Rock, a Massachusetts lawyer and dentist joins

        the ancestors. He had become the first African American

        certified to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court. 

        Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase appointed Dr. Rock to

        present cases before the Supreme Court on December 31,



1868 - The trial of ex-Confederacy president, Jefferson Davis

        begins, marking the first United States trial with

        African Americans included in the jury.


1883 - The Forty-Eighth Congress (1883-85) convenes. Only Two

        African Americans are included as representatives. They

        are James E. O'Hara of North Carolina and Robert Smalls

        of South Carolina.


1883 - George L. Ruffin is appointed a city judge in Boston,



1922 - Ralph Alexander Gardner-Chavis is born in Cleveland, Ohio.

        He will become a pioneer chemist whose research into

        plastics leads to the development of so-called "hard

        plastics." His innovations in the manipulation of

        catalytic chemicals will lead to the products for the

        petrochemical and pharmaceutical industries as well as

        plastics. He will work under nuclear scientist Dr. Enrico

        Fermi and radioactivity scientist Dr. Nathan Sugarman. He

        will be one of more than a dozen black scientists who were

        involved in research on the Manhattan Project, which will

        lead to the atomic bomb. Known throughout most of his life

        as Ralph Alexander Gardner, he will add the "Chavis" surname

        late in his career in recognition of his relationship to

        John Chavis, in 1760 the first African American to graduate

        from Princeton. In 1949, he will become a research chemist

        and project leader at the Standard Oil Company in Ohio,

        where he will remain for almost 20 years. He will complete

        his graduate studies at Case Western Reserve in Cleveland,

        earning both a master's degree and Ph.D. in chemistry in 1952

        and 1959 respectively. He will then take a teaching position

        in Cleveland State University's Chemistry Department, where

        he will remain full-time from 1968 to 1985. He will later

        combine part-time teaching with work in the research lab of

        Molecular Technology Corporation, a private firm where he will

        also serve as the Vice President of Research and on the board

        of directors. He will join the ancestors on March 27, 2018 in

        Monterey Park, California at the age 0f 95.


1951 - President Truman names a committee to monitor compliance

        with anti-discrimination provisions in U.S. government

        contracts and sub-contracts.


1956 - Wilt Chamberlain plays in his first collegiate basketball

        game and scores 52 points.


1962 - Edith Spurlock Sampson is sworn in as the first African

        American woman judge.


1964 - David A. Harris is hired by American Airlines, becoming the

        first African American to be hired as a pilot for a major

        passenger airline.


1964 - The Spingarn Medal is presented to NAACP executive secretary

        Roy Wilkins for his contribution to "the advancement of the

        American people and the national purpose."


1964 - The Independence Bank of Chicago is organized.


1964 - J. Raymond Jones is elected leader of the New York Democratic

        organization (Tammany Hall).


1970 - Jennifer Josephine Hosten become the first African American

        Miss World.


1979 - An University of Southern California running back, Charles

        White, is named the Heisman Trophy winner for 1979. White,

        who gained a career regular season total of 5,598 yards, will

        play professionally for the Los Angeles Rams.


1982 - Thomas Hearns unifies the world boxing titles in the junior

        middleweight division by capturing the WBC title over Wilfredo



1988 - Barry Sanders wins the Heisman Trophy.


1988 - In South Africa, 11 black funeral mourners are slain in Natal

        Province in an attack blamed on security forces.


1990 - "Black Art - Ancestral Legacy: The African Impulse in African

        American Art" opens at the Dallas Museum of Art. United States

        and Caribbean artists represented among the more than 150 works

        include Richmond Barthe', John Biggers, Aaron Douglas, Malvin

        Gray Johnson, Sargent Johnson, and Houston Conwill.


1997 - President Clinton hosts his first town hall meeting on America's

        race relations in Akron, Ohio.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and independent

research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, I.




Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC



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Last Updated Thursday, December 03, 2020