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*******  Today in Black History –  October 1, 2014  *******   

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1851 - William "Jerry" Henry, a runnaway slave and craftsman who had

        settled in Syracuse, New York, is arrested by a United

        States Marshal and scheduled to be returned to slavery. 

        Ten thousand citizens of the city will storm the sheriff's

        office and courthouse, free Henry, and aid his escape to

        Canada via the underground railroad.

 

1872 - Morgan State College (now University) is founded in

        Baltimore, Maryland.

 

1886 - Kentucky State College (now Universityy) is founded in

        Frankfort, Kentucky. 

 

1897 - Virginia Proctor Powell, first female African American

        librarian is born in Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania. She will

        follow in her mother's footsteps and continue her education

        at Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio. In 1919, She will earn

        her Bachelor of Arts degree in English literature from Oberlin.

        She will move back to Pittsburgh where, although having

        adequate training and experience, she was unable to pursue her

        desired goal of teaching and spent some time working at her

        aunt's salon as a beautician. Aware of her passion for children

        and books, Charles Wilbur Florence, her future husband, will

        encourage her to pursue a career in librarianship. During a

        time when African Americans were rarely considered for

        admission into predominantly white universities, she will be

        considered for admission into the Pittsburgh Carnegie Library

        School (now the University of Pittsburgh School of Information

        Sciences). There is much debate about allowing a Black person

        into the program. School officials were concerned with how

        white students might react to having a Black peer and the

        likelihood that she would not find work upon completion of the

        program. She will finish the program in 1923. OVer time she

        would work as a librarian in Richmond, Virginia and Washington,

        D.C. She will join the ancestors in Richmond, Virginia in 1991.

 

1937 - The Pullman Company formally recognizees the Brotherhood of

        Sleeping Car Porters. 

 

1937 - The Spingarn Medal is awarded to Walteer White, NAACP

        secretary, for his leadership and work in the anti-

        lynching movement.

 

1945 - Donny Hathaway is born in Chicago, Illlinois.  He will be

        an influential pop and Rhythm & Blues singer of the 1970s

        whose hit songs will include "The Ghetto" and "The Closer

        I Get to You" (with Roberta Flack). His collaborations with

        Roberta Flack will score high on the charts and win him the

        Grammy Award for "Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with

        Vocal" for the duet, "Where Is the Love" in 1973. He will join

        the ancestors, after commiting suicide, on January 13, 1979.

 

1945 - Rodney Cline "Rod" Carew, baaseball Hall of Famer, is born in Gatún,

        Panama, (formally Panama Canal Zone). He will win the American

        League's Rookie of the Year award in 1967 and be elected to the

        first of 18 consecutive All-Star game appearances. He will steal

        home seven times in the 1969 season to lead the majors, just

        missing Ty Cobb's Major League record of eight and the most in the

        major leagues since Pete Reiser stole seven for the Brooklyn

        Dodgers in 1946. His career total of 17 steals of home currently

        puts him tied for 17th on the list with former New York Giant MVP

        Larry Doyle and fellow Hall of Famer Eddie Collins. In 1972, He

        will lead the American League in batting, hitting .318, and

        remarkably, without hitting a single home run for the only time in

        his career. He is, to date, the only player in the American League

        or in the modern era to win the batting title with no home runs.

        In 1975, he will join Ty Cobb as the only players to lead both the

        American and National Leagues in batting average for three

        consecutive seasons. In the 1977 season, he will bat .388, which is

        the highest since Boston's Ted Williams hit .406 in 1941, and win

        the American League's Most Valuable Player award. He will be

        inducted into MLB Hall of Fame in 1991. He will also be inducted

        into the Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame.

       

1945 - Heavyweight champion,  Joe Louis, is discharged from the

        army.

 

1947 - United States' control of Haitian Custtom Service and

        governmental revenue ends.

 

1948 - The California Supreme Court voids staate statute banning

        interracial marriages.

 

1948 - Edward Dudley is named Ambassador to LLiberia.

 

1951 - The 24th Infantry Regiment, last of thhe all African

        American military units authorized by Congress in 1866,

        is deactivated in Korea.

 

1954 - The British colony of Nigeria becomes a federation.

 

1955 - Howard Hewitt is born in Akron, Ohio. He will move to Los

        Angeles where he would eventually meet Soul Train dancer

        and future first wife Rainey Riley-Cunningham, then a

        secretary of the show's creator and original host Don

        Cornelius. It was Cornelius who introduced him to fellow

        Soul Train dancers Jody Watley and Jeffrey Daniel, and

        their group, Shalamar, was born. The trio is best known

        for songs such as "Second Time Around", "A Night to

        Remember", "Dancing in the Sheets" and the ballad "This Is

        For The Lover In You". He will be the group's lead singer

        from 1979 until 1985. When Shalamar breaks up in the mid

        1980s, he will go on to pursue a solo career. In 1986 he

        will be arrested and indicted in Miami with his fiance Mori

        Molina for possession with an intent to distribute cocaine.

        He subsequently married Molina who will be convicted and

        serve prison time. He will then be acquitted of the charges.

        He will sign with Elektra Records and record 1986's I Commit

        To Love (R&B #12), a relatively solid urban album that will

        yielded two R&B hits, "I’m For Real" (R&B #2) and "Stay"

        (R&B #8). The album will also include "Say Amen", a gospel

        tune that became a surprise hit on the Gospel charts and is

        his signature song. He will contribute vocals to La Toya

        Jackson's Hot 100 hit single "Heart Don't Lie" in 1984.

 

1960 - Nigeria proclaims its independence froom Great Britain.

 

1961 - East & West Cameroon merge and beccome the Federal

        Republic of Cameroon.

 

1963 - Nigeria becomes a republic within the British

        Commonwealth.

 

1966 - The Black Panther party is founded in Oakland, California

        by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale.

 

1977 - Brazilian soccer great, Pele', retiress with 1,281 goals

        in 1,363 games.

 

1989 - Dallas Cowboy, Ed "Too Tall"; Jones records his 1,000th

        NFL tackle.

 

1991 - Dr. Mary Schmidt Campbell assumes her duties as dean of

        New York University's Tisch School of the Arts. A noted

        art historian, Schmidt had previously served as

        commissioner of cultural affairs, director of the

        Studio of Harlem, and chair of the Smithsonian

        Institution's Advisory Committee that recommended

        creation of a national African American museum.

 

 

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The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"InfoBeat," "I, Too, Sing America - The African American>

Book of Days," "Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and 

independent research by Rene’ A. Perry.

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EVERY MONTH SHOULD BE BLACK HISTORY MONTH! CHECK OUT THESE OTHER BLACK HISTORY SITES ON THE WEB

Black History - Permanent Site at the Christian Science Monitor

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Social Studies School Service

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

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Last Updated Wednesday, October 01, 2014