*******  Today in Black History –  April 18, 2014  *******   

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1818 - Andrew Jackson defeats a force of Indians and African

        Americans at the Battle of Suwanee, ending the First

        Seminole War.


1861 - Nicholas Biddle becomes the first African American in

        uniform to be wounded in the Civil War.


1864 - The First Kansas Colored Volunteers break through

        Confederate lines at Poison Spring, Arkansas.  The

        unit will sustain heavy losses when captured African

        American soldiers are murdered by Confederate troops

        as opposed to being taken as POWs, which is the

        standard treatment for captured whites.


1877 - The American Nicodemus Town Company is founded by six

        African American settlers in northwestern Kansas. The

        town will be settled later in the year.


1924 - Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown is born in Vinton, Louisiana.

        He will become a blues musician and will be inspired by

        the sounds of T-Bone Walker, Count Basie and Duke

        Ellington.  He will become a Grammy winner and be

        nominated six times.  He will be unrivaled in his

        ability to seamlessly combine blues, country, soul and

        jazzy Rhythm & Blues.  He will be best known for his

        hits, "Okie Dokie Stomp," "Boogie Rambler," "Just

        Before Dawn," "Dirty Work At The Crossroads," and

        "Gatemouth Boogie." He will join the ancestors on

        September 10, 2005,


1941 - Bus companies in New York City agree to hire African

        American drivers and mechanics.  This agreement ends a

        four-week boycott.


1941 - Dr. Robert Weaver is named director of Office of

        Production Management section, charged with integrating

        African Americans into the National Defense Program.


1955 - The Bandung Conference of leaders of "colored" nations

        of Africa and Asia opens in Indonesia.  Hosted by

        Indonesian President Sukarno, the conference is

        attended by representatives of 29 African and Asian

        countries.  Its main objective was to express their

        opposition to the colonialist and imperialist policies

        of First World nations.


1961 - James Benton Parsons is the first African American judge

        of a U.S. district court in the continental United

        States.  Chicago attorney Parsons is appointed judge of

        the U.S. District Court of Northern Illinois. 


1983 - Alice Walker is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for "The

        Color Purple." Ten days later, the novel will also win

        the American Book Award for fiction.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"InfoBeat," "I, Too, Sing America - The African American<

Book of Days," "Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and 

independent research by Rene’ A. Perry.




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Last Updated Friday, April 18, 2014