*******  Today in Black History –  September 17, 2014  *******   

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1787 - The U.S. Constitution is approved at tthe Constitutional

        Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with three

        clauses protecting slavery.


1861 - The first day-school for ex-slaves is opened in Fortress

        Monroe, Virginia under the tutelage of an African

        American schoolteacher, Mary S. Peake.  The school will

        later become Hampton Institute (now University) in 1868.


1879 - Andrew "Rube" Foster is bornn in Calvert, Texas. He will

        become an American baseball player, manager, and

        executive in the Negro Leagues. He will be considered by

        historians to have been perhaps the best African American

        pitcher of the 1900s. He will also found and manage the

        Chicago American Giants, one of the most successful Black

        baseball teams of the pre-integration era. Most notably,

        he will organize the Negro National League, the first

        lasting professional league for African American ball

        players, which will operate from 1920 to 1931. He will

        adopted his longtime nickname "Rube" as his official

        middle name later in life. He will join the ancestors on

        December 9, 1930 and will be posthumously elected to the

        Baseball Hall of Fame in 1981.


1953 - Ernie Banks becomes the first African American baseball

        player to wear a Chicago Cubs uniform.  Banks is also

        quick to say "Let's play two!"  Banks will be the Cubs'

        outstanding shortstop from 1954 to 1960.  In 1961 he will

        be moved to left field, then to first base, where he will

        spend the rest of his career. In 1969, Ernie Banks will

        be voted the Cub's best player ever by Chicago fans. 'Mr.

        Cub' will retire in 1971. He will elected to the Baseball

        Hall of Fame in 1977, the first year of his eligibility.


1956 - African American students are admittedd to a Clay, Kentucky

        elementary school under National Guard protection. They

        had previously been barred by local authorities on

        September 12.


1962 - The Justice Department files the firstt suit to end racial

        segregation in public schools. The fourth African American

        church is burned near Dawson, Georgia. Three white men

        later admitted burning the church. They were sentenced to

        seven year prison terms.


1967 - Abdul-Malik Kashie Yoba is born in thee Bronx, New York. He

        will become an actor best known for his role as the star

        of the popular Fox Television police drama "New York

        Undercover" from 1994 to 1998. He will also appear in

        films such as "Cool Runnings" and "Criminal." He will

        make appearances on the Fox television series "Arrested

        Development" as Ice, a bounty hunter and party planner.

        He will also be a recurring character, Brock Harris, on

        the UPN sitcom "Girlfriends." He will also appear in the

        FX Networks crime drama "Thief." In 2007, he will appear

        in NBC's crime drama "Raines" alongside Jeff Goldblum.


1968 - "Julia" premieres on NBC witth Diahann Carroll in the title

        role. It is the first television show to star an African

        American woman since "Beulah" in the 1950's.


1970 - "The Flip Wilson Show" premiieres on NBC.  Starring the New

        Jersey comedian born as Clerow Wilson, it is the first

        prime-time variety show starring an African American male

        since "The Nat King Cole Show".


1973 - Illinois becomes the first state to hoonor Dr. Martin Luther

        King, Jr.'s birthday as a holiday.


1983 - Vanessa Williams, Miss New York State,, is named Miss

        America in Atlantic City, New Jersey, the first African

        American winner in the history of the pageant. Williams

        will relinquish her crown after a 1984 scandal and later

        stage a remarkable comeback through a stellar recording

        career, which will include her multimillion-selling album,

        "The Right Stuff".


1984 - New York Met's, Dwight Goodin, becomess the 2nd person to

        strike out 32 batters over 2 consecutive games.


1990 - "The Content of Our Character&quoot; is published by San Jose

        State University professor Shelby Steele. The book will

        attract controversy because of its provocative positions

        on affirmative action and race relations and win a 1992

        National Book Award.


1991 - Ground is broken for the Harold Washinngton wing of the

        DuSable Museum in Chicago, Illinois. Founded by artist

        and poet Margaret T. Burroughs in 1961, the DuSable is

        one of the oldest African American museums in the United



1994 - As some 20 warships sit off the coast of Haiti, former

        President Jimmy Carter, Sen. Sam Nunn (D-Ga.) and

        retired Gen. Colin Powell arrive in the Caribbean nation

        in an 11th-hour bid to avert a U.S.-led invasion.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"InfoBeat," "I, Too, Sing America - The African American>

Book of Days," "Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and 

independent research by Rene’ A. Perry.




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Last Updated Wednesday, September 17, 2014