*******   Today in Black History –  June 25, 2019  *******   

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1876 - The most famous Native American uprising, at Little

        Big Horn, begins in the Dakota territories (present-

        day Montana). General George Armstrong Custer leads

        three U.S. Army battalions to their deaths, including

        Isaiah Dorman, an African American cavalryman, scout,

        and intermediary between the Sioux and the United

        States government, who had warned Custer of the

        hostile Native American presence.


1933 - James Howard Meredith is born in Kosciusko, Mississippi. 

        In 1962, he will become the first African American

        student admitted to the segregated University of

        Mississippi, after the intervention of the federal

        government, an event that will be a flashpoint in the

        Civil Rights Movement. Inspired by President John F.

        Kennedy's inaugural address, he will decide to exercise

        his constitutional rights and apply to the University

        of Mississippi. His goal will be to put pressure on the

        Kennedy administration to enforce civil rights for

        African Americans. In 1966, he will plan a solo 220-mile

        "March Against Fear" from Memphis, Tennessee to Jackson,

        Mississippi. He will highlight continuing racism in the

        South and encourage voter registration after passage of

        the Voting Rights Act of 1965. He will not want major

        civil rights organizations involved. The second day, he

        will be shot by a white gunman and suffer numerous wounds.

        Leaders of major organizations will vow to complete the

        march in his name after he is taken to the hospital. While

        he is recovering, more people from across the country will

        become involved as marchers. He will rejoin the march and

        when he and other leaders enter Jackson on June 26, they

        will be leading an estimated 15,000 marchers, in what will

        be the largest civil rights march in Mississippi. During

        the course of it, more than 4,000 African Americans will

        register to vote, and the march is a catalyst to continued

        community organizing and additional registration. In 2002

        and again in 2012, the University of Mississippi will lead

        year-long series of events to celebrate the 40th and 50th

        anniversaries of Meredith's integration of the institution.

        He will be among numerous speakers invited to the campus,

        where a statue of him commemorates his role. The Lyceum-The

        Circle Historic District at the center of the campus will

        be designated as a National Historic Landmark for these



1937 - Eddie Lee Floyd, rhythm and blues recording artist

        ("California Girl," "Knock on Wood") and songwriter is

        born in Montgomery, Alabama. His recording career did

        not keep him from being one of his label's most

        productive writers. Virtually every Stax artist will

        record his material, often co-written with either

        Steve Cropper or Booker T. Jones, including Sam & Dave's

        "You Don't Know What You Mean to Me", Rufus Thomas' "The

        Breakdown", Otis Redding's "I Love You More Than Words

        Can Say", and Johnnie Taylor's "Just the One (I've Been

        Looking For)". The latter will play during the opening

        credits of director Harold Ramis's film "Bedazzled."

        In 1980, he will also release material on the UK record

        label I-Spy Records, owned and created by the UK band,

        Secret Affair. He will join old Stax collaborators

        Cropper and Dunn, and front The Blues Brothers Band on

        a series of world tours, and in 1998, he and Wilson

        Pickett will appear on screen dueting on "634-5789" in

        Blues Brothers 2000. As well as singing with The Blues

        Brothers Band, he will be the special guest with former

        Rolling Stone Bill Wyman's Rhythm Kings on several

        dates in the US and the UK. In 2008, he will return to

        Stax Records. His first new album in six years, "Eddie

        Loves You So," will be released in July 2008.


1935 - Joe Louis defeats Primo Carnera at Yankee Stadium.


1941 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt issues Executive Order

        8802 forbidding racial discrimination in war industries

        and government service and creating the Federal

        Employment Practices Committee.


1942 - Willis Reed is born in Hico, Louisiana. He will become

        a professional basketball player for the New York Knicks

        after an All-American career at Grambling State University.

        An All-Star in his first seven professional years

        (1964-71), he will lead the New York Knicks to their

        first-ever title in 1970 before injuries began slowing

        him down. For years, He will bang against NBA greats Wilt

        Chamberlain, Wes Unseld and Kareem Abdul Jabbar, and it

        will gradually take its toll. Tendinitis in his knees will

        obliterate the 1971 and 1972 seasons, but his unrelenting

        will and spirit will enable him to overcome the

        frustration and anguish and return in 1973. The left-

        handed Reed will contribute athletically and spiritually

        to another Knick NBA title in 1973. Torn cartilage in his

        right knee will force him to retire in 1974, cutting short

        a marvelous career. A physical inside player with a soft

        outside jump shot, he will be the only player named MVP of

        the All-Star Game, regular season and playoffs in the same

        year (1970). A five-time All-NBA selection, he will tally

        12,183 points (18.7 ppg) and grab 8,414 rebounds (12.9 rpg).

        Playing with a Hall of Fame cast of Dave DeBusschere, Bill

        Bradley, Walt Frazier, Earl Monroe and Jerry Lucas, He will

        lead the Knicks in scoring five seasons and in rebounding

        six seasons. His number 19 jersey will be retired by the

        Knicks. He will be enshired in the Hall of Fame in 1982.

        He will named to the NBA 50th Anniversary All-Time Team in



1947 - James Carter "Jimmie" Walker, comedian ("JJ" on "Good Times,"

        "At Ease") is born in the Bronx, New York City. He will be best

        known for portraying James Evans Jr. ("J.J."), the oldest son

        of Florida and James Evans Sr. on the CBS television series

        "Good Times," which ran from 1974 to 1979. He will be nominated

        for Golden Globe awards Best Supporting Actor In A Television

        Series in 1975 and 1976 for his role. While on the show, his

        character will be known for the catchphrase "Dy-no-mite!" which

        he will also use in his mid–1970s TV commercial for a Panasonic

        line of cassette and 8-track tape players. He will also star in

        "Let's Do It Again" with John Amos, and "The Greatest Thing That

        Almost Happened" with James Earl Jones. He will continue to tour

        the country with his stand-up comedy routine. In 2012, his

        autobiography, "Dyn-o-mite! Good Times, Bad Times, Our Times - A

        Memoir," will be published by Da Capo Press.


1948 - Joe Louis KOs Jersey Joe Walcott in 11 rounds to retain the

        heavyweight championship of the world.


1950 - Derrick "Duckie" Simpson is born in Kingston, Jamaica. He will

        become a singer and be a founding member of a Jamaican reggae

        group formed in 1972, initially as Uhuru (Swahili for 'freedom').

        The group will change its name to Black Uhuru and will undergo

        several line-up changes over the years, with Derrick "Duckie"

        Simpson as the mainstay. They will have their most successful

        period in the 1980s, with their album "Anthem" winning the first

        ever Grammy Award for Best Reggae Album in 1985. In 2008, he will

        take on lead vocal duties, and in 2012, the group will record a

        new album, "As the World Turns," with guest appearances from

        Aterciopelados and Jarabe De Palo, although this will be still

        unreleased a year later due to the master files getting corrupted.

        A 25th Anniversary Edition DVD of their "Live in London" concert

        will be released in June 2008. In 2011, the group, now featuring

        Derrick "Duckie" Simpson, Andrew Bees, and Kaye Starr, will tour

        the US for the first time since 2002. In 2014, Jojo Mac will join

        the group, and leave in 2016 to continue her solo career. The band

        will re-record all but one track of "As the World Turns," which

        will be eventually released in September 2018.


1950 - Charles H. Houston is posthumously awarded the NAACP's

        Spingarn Medal for his legal work with the association

        Legal Committee. He is cited as a "stalwart defender of

        democracy, inspired teacher of youth, and leader in the

        legal profession."


1964 - Racially motivated disturbances erupt in Saint Augustine,

        Florida, when a mob of 800 whites attacks part of a parade

        of several hundred African Americans participating in an

        integration parade.


1968 - Lincoln Alexander of Hamilton West in Ontario, Canada, is

        the first Canadian of African descent to become a member

        of the Canadian Parliament.


1968 - Bobby Bonds hits a grand slam in his first major league

        game playing for the San Francisco Giants.


1975 - Mozambique gains its independence from Portugal. Samora M.

        Machel, leader of the Mozambique Liberation Front, becomes

        the republic's first president.


2005 - The NAACP selects retired Verizon executive Bruce S. Gordon

        to be its new president.




The source for these facts are "Encyclopedia Britannica,

"Before the Mayflower", "Black Firsts" and independent

research by Mr. Rene’ A. Perry, Sr.




Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture - located in Harlem, New York City

Black History - Black History Links from the Information Man

Black History - Afro-American Newspapers

National Civil Rights Museum - located in Memphis, Tennessee

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History  - located in Detroit, Michigan

Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture - located in Baltimore, Maryland

National Museum of African American History and Culture - located in Washington, DC



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Last Updated Tuesday, June 25, 2019